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Wandsworth Common Windmill
Remains of a Windmill on Wandsworth Common (geograph 1789886).jpg
The mill in 2010
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Origin
Mill name Wandsworth Common Mill
Grid reference TQ 267 745
Coordinates 51°27′18″N 0°10′41″W / 51.455°N 0.178°W / 51.455; -0.178Coordinates: 51°27′18″N 0°10′41″W / 51.455°N 0.178°W / 51.455; -0.178
Year built 1837
Information
Purpose Drainage mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Three-storey smock
Base storeys Low base of less than one storey
Smock sides Six sides
No. of sails Four sails
Type of sails Patent sails
Winding Fantail

Wandsworth Common Windmill is a conserved grade II listed smock mill at Wandsworth Common, in the London Borough of Wandsworth in the United Kingdom.

History

Wandsworth Common Windmill was built in 1837 to drain water from the railway cutting of the London and Southampton Railway. The water was pumped into an ornamental lake on Wandsworth Common known as the Black Sea, which had been dug by Mr Wilson, the founder of Price's Candle Works. The mill was working c1870, but the Black Sea was drained and filled in around 1884. The mill then lost its purpose and ceased work, with the sails and fantail being removed.

Description

For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Wandsworth Common Windmill is a small hexagonal smock mill built on a low brick base. It had a small cap and was powered by four Patent sails. The cap was winded by a fantail. The smock stands today, with a reconstructed cap, replacing the pyramidal roof it bore in the 1960s.

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