kids encyclopedia robot

Acer nigrum facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts


Quick facts for kids
Black maple
Acer nigrum - University of Kentucky Arboretum - DSC09326.JPG
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
A. nigrum
Binomial name
Acer nigrum
F.Michx.
Acer nigrum range map 1.png
Acer nigrum natural range
Synonyms

Acer saccharum subsp. nigrum

Acer nigrum (black maple) is a species of maple closely related to A. saccharum (sugar maple), and treated by some authors as a subspecies of it, as Acer saccharum subsp. nigrum.

Identification can be confusing due to the tendency of the two species to form hybrids. The simplest and most accurate method for distinguishing between the two trees is the generally three-lobed leaves of the black maple versus the generally five-lobed leaves of the sugar maple. The leaves of the black maple also tend to have a "droopy" appearance. Other differences that are not as pronounced include darker, more deeply grooved bark, slightly smaller seeds, and thicker petioles. Hybrids are intermediate in their characteristics.

Distribution

The geographic range of A. nigrum is slightly more limited than the sugar maple, encompassing much of the Midwestern United States, portions of the Eastern United States, and the southeast of Canada in southern Ontario.

Description

Acer nigrum drawing
Illustration from 1913's Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada

The black maple's mature height ranges from 21 to 34 meters (70 to 110 feet).

Uses

This species is used similarly to the A. saccharum, for timber as hard maple, for landscaping, and for maple syrup production.

kids search engine
Acer nigrum Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.