Agonist facts for kids
An agonist causes an action. There are also antagonists which block the action of the agonists, and there are inverse agonists which cause an action opposite to that of the agonist.
Types of agonists
Receptors can be activated by either endogenous or exogenous agonists. Both types result in a biological response. Endogenous agonists include hormones and neurotransmitters. Exogenous agonists include drugs.
A substance which causes the same bodily responses, but does not bind to the same receptor is called a physiological agonist.
- The endogenous agonist for serotonin receptors is serotonin, and the endogenous agonist for dopamine receptors is dopamine.
- Morphine is an exogenous agonist. It mimics the actions of endorphins at certain receptors in the central nervous system.
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In Spanish: Agonista para niños
Agonist Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.