kids encyclopedia robot

Al-Assad family facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Al-Assad Family
عَائِلَة الْأَسَد
ʿāʾilat al-ʾAsad
F-assad.jpg
The al-Assad family, c. 1993. Front: Hafez al-Assad and his wife, Anisa Makhlouf. Rear, left to right: Maher, Bashar, Bassel, Majd, and Bushra al-Assad
Ethnicity Syrian
Current region Latakia
Information
Place of origin Syria
Notable members Hafez al-Assad
Bashar al-Assad
Maher al-Assad
Rifaat al-Assad
Connected families Makhlouf, Shalish

The al-Assad family (Arabic: عَائِلَة الْأَسَد ʿāʾilat al-ʾAsad) has ruled Syria since Hafez al-Assad became President of Syria in 1971 and established an authoritarian to totalitarian regime under the control of the Ba'ath Party. After his death in 2000, his son Bashar succeeded him.

The Assads are originally from Qardaha, just east of Latakia in north-west Syria. They are members of the minority Alawite sect and belong to the Kalbiyya tribe. The family name Assad goes back to 1927, when Ali Sulayman (1875–1963) changed his last name to al-Assad, Arabic for "the lion", possibly in connection with his social standing as a local mediator and his political activities. All members of the extended Assad family stem from Ali Sulayman and his second wife Naissa, who came from a village in the An-Nusayriyah Mountains.

Family connections continue to be important in Syrian politics. Several close family members of Hafez al-Assad have held important positions in the government since his rise to power and continuing after his death.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Al-Assad family Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.