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Hafez al-Assad
حافظ الأسد
Hafez al-Assad official portrait.jpg
Hafez al-Assad in 1987
18th President of Syria
In office
12 March 1971 – 10 June 2000
Prime Minister Himself
Abdul Rahman Khleifawi
Mahmoud al-Ayyubi
Abdul Rahman Khleifawi
Muhammad Ali al-Halabi
Abdul Rauf al-Kasm
Mahmoud Zuabi
Muhammad Mustafa Mero
Vice President Mahmoud al-Ayyubi (1971–1976)
Rifaat al-Assad (1984–1998)
Abdul Halim Khaddam (1984–2000)
Zuhair Masharqa (1984–2000)
Preceded by Ahmad al-Khatib
Succeeded by Abdul Halim Khaddam (Acting)
Bashar al-Assad
Prime Minister of Syria
In office
21 November 1970 – 3 April 1971
President Ahmad al-Khatib
Preceded by Nureddin al-Atassi
Succeeded by Abdul Rahman Khleifawi
Regional Secretary of the Regional Command of the Syrian Regional Branch
In office
18 November 1970 – 10 June 2000
Deputy Mohamad Jaber Bajbouj
Zuhair Masharqa
Sulayman Qaddah
Preceded by Nureddin al-Atassi
Succeeded by Bashar al-Assad
Secretary General of the National Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party
In office
12 September 1971 – 10 June 2000
Deputy Abdullah al-Ahmar
Preceded by Nureddin al-Atassi
Succeeded by Abdullah al-Ahmar (de facto; al-Assad is still de jure Secretary General, even though he is dead.)
Minister of Defense
In office
23 February 1966 – 22 March 1972
President Nureddin al-Atassi
Ahmad al-Khatib
Prime Minister Yusuf Zuaiyin
Nureddin al-Atassi
Abdul Rahman Kleifawi
Preceded by Muhammad Umran
Succeeded by Mustafa Tlass
Member of the Regional Command of the Syrian Regional Branch
In office
27 March 1966 – 10 June 2000
In office
5 September 1963 – 4 April 1965
Personal details
Born (1930-10-06)6 October 1930
Qardaha, Alawite State, Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon
Died 10 June 2000(2000-06-10) (aged 69)
Damascus, Syria
Resting place Qardaha, Syria
Political party Ba'ath Party (Syrian faction) (since 1966)
Other political
Arab Ba'ath Party (1946–47)
Ba'ath Party (1947–66)
Spouse(s) Anisa Makhlouf (1957–2000)
Relations Jamil, Rifaat (brothers)
Children Bushra, Bassel, Bashar, Majd, Maher
Parent(s) Ali Sulayman al-Assad
Na'sa al-Assad
Alma mater Homs Military Academy
Military service
Allegiance  Syria
Branch/service Syrian Air Force
Syrian Armed Forces
Years of service 1952–2000
Rank Syria Air Force - OF09.svg General
Commands Syrian Air Force
Syrian Armed Forces
Battles/wars Six-Day War (1967)
War of Attrition (1967–70)
Black September (1970–71)
Yom Kippur War (1973)

Hafez al-Assad (Arabic: حافظ الأسد, Ḥāfiẓ al-Asad; 6 October 1930 – 10 June 2000) was president of Syria from 1971 until his death. He was also the general of Syrian Air Force from 1955 - 1972. He was born in Qardaha and died in Damascus. He had four sons and a daughter. His eldest son Bassel al-Assad died in 1994. In 2000, al-Assad died of a heart attack. He was succeeded as president by his second-oldest son Bashar al-Assad (born 1965), who still has that job.

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