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Amin Maalouf
Amin Maalouf by Claude Truong-Ngoc, 2013
Amin Maalouf by Claude Truong-Ngoc, 2013
Born (1949-02-25) 25 February 1949 (age 74)
Beirut, Lebanon
Occupation Writer, scholar and novelist
Language French
Notable works Leo Africanus, The Rock of Tanios, The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Samarkand

Amin Maalouf (French: [maluf]; Arabic: أمين معلوف; born 25 February 1949) is a Lebanese-born French author who has lived in France since 1976. Although his native language is Arabic, he writes in French, and his works have been translated into over 40 languages.

Of his several works of nonfiction, The Crusades through Arab Eyes is probably the best known. He received the Prix Goncourt in 1993 for his novel The Rock of Tanios, as well as the 2010 Prince of Asturias Award for Literature. He is a member of the Académie française.


Baskinta village
Maalouf's father came from Baskinta.

Maalouf was born in Beirut, Lebanon, and grew up in the Badaro cosmopolitan neighborhood, the second of four children. His parents had different cultural backgrounds. His father was from the Melkite Catholic community near the village of Baskinta in Ain el Qabou. His mother, Odette Ghossein, is Lebanese from the Metn Village of Ain el Kabou. She was born in Egypt and lived there for many years before coming back to Lebanon; she lived in France until her passing in 2021 at the age of 100 years.

Maalouf's mother was a staunch Maronite Catholic who insisted on sending him to Collège Notre Dame de Jamhour, a French Jesuit school. He studied sociology at the Francophone Université Saint-Joseph in Beirut.

He is the uncle of trumpeter Ibrahim Maalouf.


Maalouf worked as the director of An-Nahar, a Beirut-based daily newspaper, until the start of the Lebanese civil war in 1975, when he moved to Paris, which became his permanent home. Maalouf's first book, The Crusades Through Arab Eyes (1983), examines the period on the basis of contemporaneous Arabic sources.

Along with his nonfiction work, he has written four texts for musical compositions and numerous novels.

His book Un fauteuil sur la Seine briefly recounts the lives of those who preceded him in seat #29 as a member of the Académie française.


Maalouf has been awarded honorary doctorates by the Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium), the American University of Beirut (Lebanon), the Rovira i Virgili University (Spain), the University of Évora (Portugal), and the University of Ottawa (Canada).

Amin Maalouf 05
Amin Maalouf (16 February 2016)

In 1993, Maalouf was awarded the Prix Goncourt for his novel The Rock of Tanios (French: Le rocher de Tanios), set in 19th-century Lebanon. In 2004, the original, French edition of his Origins: A Memoir (Origines, 2004) won the Prix Méditerranée.

In 2010 he received the Spanish Prince of Asturias Award for Literature for his work, an intense mix of suggestive language, historic affairs in a Mediterranean mosaic of languages, cultures and religions and stories of tolerance and reconciliation. He was elected a member of the Académie française on 23 June 2011 to fill seat 29, left vacant by the death of anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss. Maalouf is the first person of Lebanese heritage to receive that honor.

In 2016, he won the Sheikh Zayed Book Award for "Cultural Personality of the Year", the premier category with a prize of 1 million dirhams (approx. US$272,000).

In 2020, he was awarded the National Order of Merit by the French government. He was given the honor by President Emmanuel Macron.

In 2021, he was elected a Royal Society of Literature International Writer.

Honours and decorations

Ribbon bar Country Honour
FIN Order of the Lion of Finland 4Class BAR.png  Finland Knight First class of the Order of the Lion of Finland
Legion Honneur Chevalier ribbon.svg  France Chevalier of the Legion of Honour
Ordre national du Merite GO ribbon  France Grand officier of the National Order of Merit
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres Commandeur ribbon.svg  France Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
LBN National Order of the Cedar - Grand Cordon BAR.png  Lebanon Grand Cordon of the National Order of the Cedar
MON Ordre du Merite Culturel Officier BAR.svg  Monaco Officier of the Order of Cultural Merit (Monaco)



Maalouf's novels are marked by his experiences of civil war and migration. Their characters are itinerant voyagers between lands, languages, and religions and he prefers to write about "our past."

Original English translation
1986 Léon l'Africain 1992 Leo Africanus, translated by Peter Sluglett. ISBN: 1-56131-022-0
1988 Samarcande 1994 Samarkand, trans. Russell Harris. ISBN: 1-56656-293-7.
1991 Les jardins de lumière 1996 The Gardens of Light, trans. Dorothy S. Blair. ISBN: 1-56656-248-1.
1992 Le Premier siècle après Béatrice 1993 The First Century after Beatrice, trans. Dorothy S. Blair. ISBN: 0-7043-7051-4.
1993 Le Rocher de Tanios 1994 The Rock of Tanios, trans. Dorothy S. Blair ISBN: 0-8076-1365-7.
1996 Les Échelles du Levant 1996 Ports of Call, trans. Alberto Manguel. ISBN: 1-86046-890-X.
2000 Le Périple de Baldassare 2002 Balthasar's Odyssey, trans. Barbara Bray. ISBN: 1-55970-702-X.
2012 Les Désorientés 2020 The Disoriented, trans. Frank Wynne. ISBN: 978-1-64286-058-0.
2020 Nos frères inattendus


Original English translation
1983 Les Croisades vues par les Arabes 1986 The Crusades Through Arab Eyes. ISBN: 0-8052-0898-4
1998 Les Identités meurtrières 2000 In the Name of Identity: Violence and the Need to Belong, translated by Barbara Bray. ISBN: 0-14-200257-7.
2004 Origines 2008. Origins: A Memoir, translated by Catherine Temerson. ISBN: 978-0-374-22732-6.
2009 Le Dérèglement du monde 2011 Disordered World: Setting a New Course for the Twenty-First Century, translated by George Miller. ISBN: 978-1-60819-584-8
2019 Le Naufrage des civilisations 2020 Adrift: How Our World Has Lost Its Way, translated by Frank Wynne. ISBN: 978-1-64286-075-7


All Maalouf's librettos have been written for the Finnish composer Kaija Saariaho.

  • 2000. L'Amour de loin ('Love from Afar'), opera
  • 2003. Adriana Mater, opera
  • 2006. La Passion de Simone, oratorio
  • 2010. Émilie, monodrama

See also

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