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Anaxyrus debilis facts for kids

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Green toad
Bufo debilis insidior1.jpg
Western green toad, Anaxyrus debilis insidior
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Genus:
Anaxyrus
Species:
debilis
Anaxyrus debilis range map.png
Synonyms

Bufo debilis Girard, 1854
Bufo insidior Girard, 1854

The North American green toad, Anaxyrus debilis, also known by its old name Bufo debilis, is a species of toad found in the southwestern United States in the states of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, and Texas, as well as in northern Mexico in the states of Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Durango, and Zacatecas. It is commonly called green toad (with many variants).

Description

Green toads are typically bright to pale green in color, with black spotting. They are not large toads; adult males are about 37–46 mm (1.5–1.8 in) in snout–vent length and females 44–54 mm (1.7–2.1 in).

Habitat and reproduction

Green toads are relatively widespread and at least locally common. They are secretive, however, only readily found during and immediately after periods of rainfall; their habitat is semi-arid and often very dry. Breeding occurs from late March to August, stimulated by summer rains. Males move from drier, terrestrial habitat to aquatic breeding sites where they form choruses. Females are attracted by chorusing males. Breeding aggregations do not usually last long, only a few days.

Subspecies

Two subspecies, originally described as separate species, can be identified, but this distinction is disputed:

  • Eastern green toad, Anaxyrus debilis debilis
  • Western green toad, Anaxyrus debilis insidior
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