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Andover Center Historic District
Andover Historical Society, Andover, Connecticut.jpg
The former town hall, now the historic society museum
Andover Center Historic District is located in Connecticut
Andover Center Historic District
Location in Connecticut
Andover Center Historic District is located in the United States
Andover Center Historic District
Location in the United States
Location Roughly along Herbron Rd., Boston Hill Rd., and US 6, Andover, Connecticut
Area 270 acres (110 ha)
Architectural style Colonial, Federal
NRHP reference No. 03000236
Added to NRHP April 18, 2003

The Andover Center Historic District encompasses the historic town center of Andover, Connecticut. Centered on the junction of Hebron Road with Center Street and Cider Mill Road, the district includes houses dating to the town's early history, civic buildings including a library and former town hall, and the town's first cemetery. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.

Description and history

The central Connecticut town of Andover was established as a separate Congregational parish, mainly out of portions of Hebron and Coventry, in 1748, but was not incorporated until a century later. The location where its first meeting house was built was near its geographic center, on Hebron Road between Center Street and Boston Hill Road. The village benefited economically in the early 19th century from the early establishment of a small flaxseed oil mill, and by the establishment of the Hartford-Norwich Turnpike, which ran along portions of Center Street and Hebron Road, and the later routing of a railroad line just north of the village. Many of the town's commercial and civic functions were relocated to the US 6 corridor in the mid-20th century.

The historic district is a 270 acres (110 ha) in size, and includes buildings on Hebron Road, Center Street, Boston Hill Road, Cider Mill Road, and US 6. The district includes 60 contributing buildings, 2 contributing sites, and 4 contributing structures. It includes the town's first cemetery (established 1750), and five 18th-century houses, including the Georgian Phelps-Bingham House, built in 1740. Later buildings include the Greek Revival John Bingham House (1840), and the 1833 Greek Revival First Congregational Church.

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