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Ashland Gristmill and Dam
AshlandNH Gristmill.jpg
Ashland Gristmill and Dam is located in New Hampshire
Ashland Gristmill and Dam
Location in New Hampshire
Ashland Gristmill and Dam is located in the United States
Ashland Gristmill and Dam
Location in the United States
Location Main St., Ashland, New Hampshire
Area less than one acre
Built 1903 (1903)
NRHP reference No. 79000317
Added to NRHP December 10, 1979

The Ashland Gristmill and Dam are a historic former industrial facility in the heart of Ashland, New Hampshire. Built in 1903 on the site of an older mill, the gristmill demonstrates the continuing viability of wood framing for mill buildings in an era when it had become uncommon. The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. It has been converted to professional offices.

Description and history

The former Ashland Gristmill is located near the eastern end of downtown Ashland, where Main Street (New Hampshire Route 132) crosses the Squam River. The mill stands just north of the road, with the dam extending further north across the river. The dam, originally a wooden construction, is a concrete structure 180 feet (55 m) long and 14 feet (4.3 m) high, and has a 50-foot (15 m) spillway. The mill is a large three-story structure, consisting of a central tower section with flanking two-story wings. The tower section is built using massive timbers for framing, while the wings are built using the more recent balloon framing method. Its basement still houses the turbine and controlling hardware, although these are no longer operational.

The mill was built in 1903, after the previous gristmill on the site was destroyed by fire. The central portion originally housed nine large hoppers, while the wings housed storage spaces for maintenance equipment and milled flour. The heavy timber framing was necessitated to help manage vibrations and stresses incurred by the operating machinery of the mill.

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