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Bahadur Shah II (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) (reigned 1837-1858) was the last emperor of the Mughal Empire in India.

Bahadur Shah II 00
Bahadur Shah II

Early life

Bahadur Shah was the son of Akbar Shah II. He fought the revolt of 1857 (first independence war of India) with many freedom fighters or leaders such as Rani Lakshmi bai , Tatya Tope and Mangal Pandey, etc against the East India Company and British army.

Reign

Bahadur Shah became the Mughal Emperor after his father's death on 28 September 1837. Bahadur Shah ruled over a Mughal Empire that barely extended beyond Delhi's Red Fort. The East India Company ruled India. The company allowed him a pension. He had no real power in India.

He fought with a small army and ultimately lost the revolt. The Red fort was captured and Bahadur Shah was forced to flee to Humayun's tomb. On 20th of September, he was found and captured.

After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British Administration exiled him from Delhi. He was sent to a prison in Rangoon (now Yangon), Burma and died there.

Poet

Bahadur Shah Zafar was known as an Urdu poet, who used the pen-name Zafar. His work was compiled as the Kuliyaat-e-Zafar (Urdu: Collected Works of Zafar Notes and references)

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Akbar Shah II
Mughal Emperor
1837 – 1858
Succeeded by
Victoria of the United Kingdom
as Empress of India

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