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Sir Bertram Windle
Bertram Windle.jpg
Professor Bertram C. A. Windle.
Born
Bertram Coghill Alan Windle

(1858-05-08)8 May 1858
Died 14 February 1929(1929-02-14) (aged 70)
Nationality English
Citizenship United Kingdom
Alma mater Trinity College
Known for Founder, Sigma Chi, Beta Omega Chapter University of Toronto, 1922
Scientific career
Fields Comparative anatomy
Institutions University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Sir Bertram Coghill Alan Windle, , , , , FRS, FSA, KSG (8 May 1858 – 14 February 1929) was a British anatomist, administrator, archaeologist, scientist, educationalist and writer.

Biography

Queen's College, Paradise Street, Birmingham
Queen's College, Birmingham, a predecessor college of Birmingham University

He was born at Mayfield Vicarage, in Staffordshire, where his father, the Reverend Samuel Allen Windle, a Church of England clergyman, was vicar. He attended Trinity College, where he graduated B.A. in 1879. He also served as Librarian of the University Philosophical Society in the 1877–78 session.

In 1891 he was appointed dean of the medical faculty of Queen's College, Birmingham. Queen's College's medical faculty became the medical faculty of Mason Science College in the early 1890s, and then became the medical faculty of the University of Birmingham in 1900. Windle was professor of anatomy and anthropology and first Dean of the Medical Faculty at Birmingham University. He was a member of the Teachers′ Registration Council until he resigned in late 1902. In 1904 he accepted the presidency of Queen's College, Cork. He acted as president of the university (which became known as University College Cork in 1908) until 1918, when he moved to Canada.

During his medical training days, Windle was an atheist. He later converted to Catholicism. He was a critic of Darwinism and took influence from St. George Jackson Mivart. Historian David N. Livingstone has noted that Windle favoured a Catholic version of neo-Lamarckism.

Windle was a vitalist. Historian Peter J. Bowler has written that Windle was "one of the few biologists to defend an outright vitalism."

Family

Windle married twice, first in 1886 to Madoline Hudson, and in 1901 to Edith Mary Nazer. He died in 1929 aged 71.

Honours

Windle was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1899. In 1909, he was made a knight of St. Gregory the Great by Pius X. In 1912, he was made a Knight Bachelor and therefore granted the title sir. He was knighted by King George V during a ceremony at Buckingham Palace on 6 March 1912.

Works

  • Congenital Malformations and Heredity (1888).
  • The Birmingham School of Medicine (1890).
  • The Modern University (1892).
  • A Philological Essay Concerning the Pygmies of the Ancients (1894)
  • The Malvern Country (1901).
  • The Romans in Britain (1923).
  • Evolution and Catholicity (1926).
  • The Catholic Church and its Reactions with Science (1927).
  • The Evolutionary Problem as it is Today (1927).
  • History as it is Taught (1928).

Selected articles

  • "The National University and Development of the Intellectuality of the Nation," Journal of the Ivernian Society (1911).
  • "The National University and the People", Journal of the Ivernian Society (1912).
  • "Some Recent Works on the Antiquity of Man," Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review (1914).
  • "The Latest Gospel of Science," Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review (1915).
  • "Science Sees the Light," Commonweal (1924).
  • "Scott and the Oxford Movement," Commonweal (1924).
  • "Huxley and the Catholic Church," Commonweal (1925).

Miscellany

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