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Bixa orellana facts for kids

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Achiote
Bixa.jpg
An achiote blossom
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Bixaceae
Genus:
Bixa
Species:
B. orellana
Binomial name
Bixa orellana
Bixa orellana MHNT.BOT.2009.13.33
Bixa orellana

Bixa orellana (also known as achiote) is a shrub or small tree from the tropical area of the American continent. The name comes from the Nahuatl word for the shrub, achiotl. It is also known as Aploppas, and its first Tupi name urucu. It is grown there and in Southeast Asia, where it was brought by the Spanish in the 17th century. It is best known as the source of the natural pigment annatto, made from the fruit. The plant bears pink flowers and bright red spiny fruits which contain red seeds. The fruits dry and harden to brown capsules.

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