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Blackfoot Glacier
Blackfoot and Jackson Glaciers.jpg
Blackfoot Glacier at left was once joined to Jackson Glacier on the right
Map showing the location of Blackfoot Glacier
Map showing the location of Blackfoot Glacier
Blackfoot Glacier
Location in Montana
Type Mountain glacier
Location Glacier National Park, Glacier County, Montana, U.S.
Coordinates 48°35′40″N 113°40′12″W / 48.59444°N 113.67000°W / 48.59444; -113.67000
Area 441 acres (1.78 km2) in 2005
Length 1 mile (1.6 km)
Terminus Moraine
Status Retreating

Blackfoot Glacier is the second largest of the remaining 25 glaciers in Glacier National Park, Montana. Blackfoot Glacier is just to the north of Blackfoot Mountain and near Jackson Glacier. The glacier was most recently measured in 2005 at 441 acres (1.78 km2), yet when first documented in 1850, the glacier also included the now separate Jackson Glacier and together, they covered 1,875 acres (7.59 km2). In 1850, there were an estimated 150 glaciers in the park. Glaciologists have stated that by the year 2030, all the glaciers in the park may disappear. However, under a modest increase in overall carbon dioxide levels, some glaciers will remain until the late 23rd century.

Jackson and Blackfoot glaciers have been selected for monitoring by the U.S. Geological Survey's Glacier Monitoring Research program, which is researching changes to the mass balance of glaciers in and surrounding Glacier National Park. The glacier is being monitored using remote sensing equipment and repeat photography, where images of the glacier are taken from identical locations periodically. Between 1966 and 2005, Blackfoot Glacier lost over 23 percent of its surface area. In the summer of 2007, a portion of Blackfoot Glacier broke off and formed an ice avalanche.

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