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Brownstown, Indiana
Historic Downtown Main Street
Historic Downtown Main Street
Location of Brownstown in Jackson County, Indiana.
Location of Brownstown in Jackson County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Jackson
Township Brownstown
Area
 • Total 1.62 sq mi (4.21 km2)
 • Land 1.62 sq mi (4.19 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
623 ft (190 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 3,025
 • Density 1,868.44/sq mi (721.59/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (EST)
ZIP code
47220
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-08470
GNIS feature ID 0431647

Brownstown is a town within Brownstown Township and the county seat of Jackson County, Indiana, United States. The population was 2,947 at the 2010 census. It was named for Jacob Brown, a general of the War of 1812.

History

Jackson County Courthouse in Brownstown, southern side and front
Jackson County Courthouse

The town of Brownstown was platted on 8 April 1816, notably prior to the statehood of Indiana itself. Brownstown became the county seat of Jackson County in November 1816, replacing Fort Vallonia, which had only been the county seat since June of that year. The land for the Jackson County Court House, which rests in the heart of Brownstown on the square, was donated by Col. John Ketcham (1782–1865) for this specific function.

The Jackson County Courthouse was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011.

Geography

Brownstown is located at 38°52′47″N 86°2′46″W / 38.87972°N 86.04611°W / 38.87972; -86.04611 (38.879823, -86.046163).

According to the 2010 census, Brownstown has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.14 km2), of which 1.59 square miles (4.12 km2) (or 99.38%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) (or 0.63%) is water.

Brownstown lies on the East Fork of the White River, bordered by the Jackson-Washington State Forest and near the Hoosier National Forest.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 504
1870 572 13.5%
1880 849 48.4%
1890 1,422 67.5%
1900 1,685 18.5%
1910 1,492 −11.5%
1920 1,554 4.2%
1930 1,758 13.1%
1940 1,860 5.8%
1950 1,998 7.4%
1960 2,158 8.0%
1970 2,376 10.1%
1980 2,704 13.8%
1990 2,872 6.2%
2000 2,978 3.7%
2010 2,947 −1.0%
2020 3,025 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,947 people, 1,175 households, and 792 families living in the town. The population density was 1,853.5 inhabitants per square mile (715.6/km2). There were 1,282 housing units at an average density of 806.3 per square mile (311.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.3% White, 0.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 1,175 households, of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.6% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the town was 38.7 years. 25.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.2% were from 25 to 44; 23.5% were from 45 to 64; and 18.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

Education

The town has a lending library, the Brownstown Public Library.

Black History Month on Kiddle
African-American activists
Mary McLeod Bethune
Alberta Odell Jones
Audre Lorde
John Berry Meachum
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