Jackson County, Indiana facts for kids

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Jackson County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Jackson County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded Jan 1, 1816
Seat Brownstown
Largest City Seymour
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

513.91 sq mi (1,331 km²)
509.31 sq mi (1,319 km²)
4.60 sq mi (12 km²), 0.90%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

42,376
83/sq mi (32.12/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.jacksoncounty.in.gov
Named for: Andrew Jackson
Indiana county number 36

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 42,376. The county seat is Brownstown.

History

Jackson County was formed in 1816. It was named for Andrew Jackson, who defeated the British in 1815 at the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812, and afterward elected President of the United States.

Jackson County was the site of the first recorded train robbery of a moving train in the United States. On October 6, 1866 the Reno Gang robbed an Ohio and Mississippi Railway train making off with over $10,000.They were nicknamed: "The Jackson Theives" later on.

Jackson County is home to the longest 3-span covered bridge in the world; The Medora Covered Bridge. After a recent project to completely refurbish the Medora Covered Bridge the nearby town of Medora now has an annual event using the bridge as the focal point. The bridge is open for pedestrian traffic and site-seers. Another long neglected covered bridge, the Bells Ford Bridge, which is believed the last remaining Post Truss bridge in the world, succumbed to similar neglect, collapsing into the White River on January 2, 2006.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 513.91 square miles (1,331.0 km2), of which 509.31 square miles (1,319.1 km2) (or 99.10%) is land and 4.60 square miles (11.9 km2) (or 0.90%) is water.

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Townships

  • Brownstown
  • Carr
  • Driftwood
  • Grassy Fork
  • Hamilton
  • Jackson
  • Owen
  • Pershing
  • Redding
  • Salt Creek
  • Vernon
  • Washington

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas, U.S. Census Bureau

  • I-65.svg Interstate 65
  • U.S. Route 31
  • U.S. Route 50
  • State Road 135

National protected areas

  • Hoosier National Forest (part)
  • Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Brownstown, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.2
 
37
19
 
 
2.8
 
43
22
 
 
3.7
 
53
31
 
 
4.7
 
64
40
 
 
5
 
74
51
 
 
4.1
 
82
60
 
 
4.4
 
85
64
 
 
4.4
 
84
61
 
 
3
 
78
53
 
 
3.3
 
67
40
 
 
4.1
 
54
33
 
 
3.4
 
42
24
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Brownstown have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.84 inches (72 mm) in February to 5.01 inches (127 mm) in May.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,010
1830 4,870 21.4%
1840 8,961 84.0%
1850 11,047 23.3%
1860 16,286 47.4%
1870 18,974 16.5%
1880 23,050 21.5%
1890 24,139 4.7%
1900 26,633 10.3%
1910 24,727 −7.2%
1920 24,228 −2.0%
1930 23,731 −2.1%
1940 26,612 12.1%
1950 28,237 6.1%
1960 30,556 8.2%
1970 33,187 8.6%
1980 36,523 10.1%
1990 37,730 3.3%
2000 41,335 9.6%
2010 42,376 2.5%
Est. 2015 44,069 4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 42,376 people, 16,501 households, and 11,629 families residing in the county. The population density was 83.2 inhabitants per square mile (32.1/km2). There were 18,202 housing units at an average density of 35.7 per square mile (13.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.5% white, 0.8% Asian, 0.7% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 28.8% were German, 13.1% were American, 12.8% were Irish, and 9.2% were English.

Of the 16,501 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families, and 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 38.7 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $53,534. Males had a median income of $38,608 versus $30,030 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,498. About 7.6% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.


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