kids encyclopedia robot

Washington County, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Washington County
Washington County courthouse in Salem
Washington County courthouse in Salem
Official seal of Washington County
Seal
Map of Indiana highlighting Washington County
Location within the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Indiana
Founded 1814
Named for George Washington
Seat Salem
Largest city Salem
Area
 • Total 516.60 sq mi (1,338.0 km2)
 • Land 513.72 sq mi (1,330.5 km2)
 • Water 2.87 sq mi (7.4 km2)  0.56%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
27,943
 • Density 54.4/sq mi (21.0/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 9th
Indiana county number 88

Washington County is a county in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 28,262. The county seat (and the county's only incorporated city) is Salem.

Washington County is part of the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Early settlers

As early as 1802, a man named Frederick Royce lived among the Ox Indians at a place known as the Lick, two miles east of Salem and is probably the first white man to inhabit this county. He was a hunter-trader and salt manufacturer. In 1803, Thomas Hopper was the first to settle in this county near Hardinsburg.

Washington County was formed in 1814. It was named for U.S. President George Washington.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 516.60 square miles (1,338.0 km2), of which 513.72 square miles (1,330.5 km2) (or 99.44%) is land and 2.87 square miles (7.4 km2) (or 0.56%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated towns

Townships

  • Brown
  • Franklin
  • Gibson
  • Howard
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Madison
  • Monroe
  • Pierce
  • Polk
  • Posey
  • Vernon
  • Washington

Major highways

  • Indiana 56.svg Indiana State Road 56
  • Indiana 60.svg Indiana State Road 60
  • Indiana 135.svg Indiana State Road 135
  • Indiana 160.svg Indiana State Road 160

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Salem, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.3
 
39
21
 
 
3.2
 
46
25
 
 
4.3
 
56
33
 
 
4.6
 
67
42
 
 
4.9
 
76
51
 
 
3.9
 
84
60
 
 
4.4
 
87
64
 
 
4
 
86
62
 
 
3.1
 
79
55
 
 
2.9
 
68
44
 
 
3.9
 
55
36
 
 
3.7
 
44
26
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Salem have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −32 °F (−36 °C) was recorded in February 1951 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.87 inches (73 mm) in October to 4.86 inches (123 mm) in May.

Five people were reported killed in Washington County during the Early March 2012 tornado outbreak. The fifth, a 15-month-old from the same family, had been found in a field, and died later in hospital.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 9,039
1830 13,064 44.5%
1840 15,269 16.9%
1850 17,040 11.6%
1860 17,909 5.1%
1870 18,495 3.3%
1880 18,955 2.5%
1890 18,619 −1.8%
1900 19,409 4.2%
1910 17,445 −10.1%
1920 16,645 −4.6%
1930 16,285 −2.2%
1940 17,008 4.4%
1950 16,520 −2.9%
1960 17,819 7.9%
1970 19,278 8.2%
1980 21,932 13.8%
1990 23,717 8.1%
2000 27,223 14.8%
2010 28,262 3.8%
2020 28,182 −0.3%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

Education

The county is served by 3 school districts:

  • Salem Community Schools
  • East Washington School Corporation
  • South Central Area Special Ed
  • West Washington School Corporation.

East Washington School Corporation (Superintendent:Steve Darnell) includes:

  • East Washington Elementary School
  • East Washington Middle School
  • Eastern High School

Salem Community Schools (Superintendent:Dr. D. Lynn Reed) includes:)

  • Salem High School
  • Salem High School
  • Salem Middle School
  • Bradie Shrum Elementary School

West Washington School Corporation (Superintendent:Gerald Jackson) includes:)

  • West Washington Elementary School
  • West Washington Junior/Senior High School
kids search engine
Washington County, Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.