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Floyd County, Indiana facts for kids

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Floyd County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Floyd County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1819
Seat New Albany
Largest City New Albany
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

148.96 sq mi (386 km²)
147.94 sq mi (383 km²)
1.02 sq mi (3 km²), 0.68%
 - (2012)
 - Density

504/sq mi (194.57/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Named for: Brigadier General John Floyd.
  • Indiana county number 22
  • Second smallest county in Indiana by area
Floyd County Sheriff's Department
Agency Overview
Legal personality Governmental agency
Jurisdictional Structure
Divisional agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
County (US) of [[| ]] in the State of Indiana , United States
Legal jurisdiction As per operations jurisdiction.
General nature
  • Local civilian police
    See also Police
Operational Structure
Agency executive Frank Loop, Sheriff (Republican)

Floyd County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2012, the population was 75,283. The county seat is New Albany. Floyd County is the county with the second-smallest land area in the entire state. It was formed in the year 1819 from neighboring Clark, and Harrison counties.

Floyd County is part of the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Floyd County, originally the Shawnee Indians hunting ground, was conquered for the United States by George Rogers Clark during the American Revolutionary War from the British. He was awarded large tracts of land in Indiana, including almost all of present-day Floyd County. Clark sold land to the settlers who began arriving as soon as peace returned.

In 1818, New Albany was a large enough to become a county seat and form a new county. New Albany leaders sent Nathaniel Scribner and John K. Graham to the capital at Corydon to petition the General Assembly. Legislation was passed on January 2, 1819 by the General Assembly, and the county was established on February 1. The origin of the county's name is debated. According to the State Library, it was named for John Floyd, a leading Jefferson County, Kentucky pioneer and uncle of Davis Floyd. John Floyd was killed in 1783 when his party was attacked by Indians in Bullitt County, Kentucky. However, some maintain the county was actually named for Davis Floyd, who was convicted of aiding Aaron Burr in the treason of 1809. Davis Floyd had also been a leading local political figure and was the county's first circuit court judge.

In 1814, New Albany was platted and was established as the county seat on March 4, 1819. There was an attempt in 1823 to move the county seat, but the motion failed. New Albany would be the largest city in the state for much of the early 19th century, eventually being overtaken by Indianapolis during the Civil War.

Scribner House in New Albany
House of Nathaniel Scribner

Between 1800 and 1860, Floyd County experienced a huge boom in population (doubling many times over). A survey in the 1850s found that over half of Indiana's population that made more than $100,000 per year lived in Floyd County, establishing it as having the richest population in the state.

The Duncan Tunnel, the longest tunnel in Indiana, was built in Floyd County in 1881 between New Albany and Edwardsville. Because no route over the Floyds Knobs was suitable for a railroad line, civil engineers decided to tunnel through them. The project was originally started by the Air Line but was completed by Southern Railway. It took five years to bore at a cost of $1 million. The Tunnel is 4,311 feet (1,314 m) long.

Floyd County, during the 19th century, attracted immigrants of Irish, German, French and African American origins. The French settlers located mostly in Floyds Knobs, Indiana. The Irish began arriving in 1817 and settled in large numbers between 1830 and 1850. German immigrants settled mostly in New Albany. By 1850, about one in six county residents had been born in other countries.


According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 148.96 square miles (385.8 km2), of which 147.94 square miles (383.2 km2) (or 99.32%) is land and 1.02 square miles (2.6 km2) (or 0.68%) is water. It is the second smallest county in area, behind only Ohio County.



Census-designated place


Floyd County is divided into five townships:

  • Franklin
  • Georgetown
  • Greenville
  • Lafayette
  • New Albany

Geographical features

Floyds Knobs was named after the most prominent geographical feature of the county which are the knobs: many steep hills which dot the midsection of the county. The highest point is South Skyline Drive (+38° 21' 13.64", -85° 50' 50.64"), at just over 1,000 ft (300 m). The lowest point in the county is the shore of the Ohio River near New Albany at an elevation of 380 ft (120 m).

Major highways

  • Interstate 64
  • Interstate 265
  • U.S. Route 150
  • Indiana State Road 62
  • Indiana State Road 64
  • Indiana State Road 111
  • Indiana State Road 311

Adjacent counties

Climate and weather

Weather chart for New Albany, Indiana
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in New Albany have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July. The record low temperature was −22 °F (−30 °C), recorded in January, 1994, and a record high was 107 °F (42 °C), recorded in July, 1936. On July 4, 2012, the record for highest temperature in the county was almost broken; the temperature reached 106 °F (41 °C). Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.79 inches (71 mm) in October of last year to 4.88 inches (124 mm) in May of last year.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,776
1830 6,361 129.1%
1840 9,454 48.6%
1850 14,875 57.3%
1860 20,183 35.7%
1870 23,300 15.4%
1880 24,590 5.5%
1890 29,458 19.8%
1900 30,118 2.2%
1910 30,293 0.6%
1920 30,661 1.2%
1930 34,655 13.0%
1940 35,061 1.2%
1950 43,955 25.4%
1960 51,397 16.9%
1970 55,622 8.2%
1980 61,169 10.0%
1990 64,404 5.3%
2000 70,823 10.0%
2010 74,578 5.3%
Est. 2015 76,778 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 74,578 people, 29,479 households, and 20,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 504.1 inhabitants per square mile (194.6/km2). There were 31,968 housing units at an average density of 216.1 per square mile (83.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.4% white, 5.2% black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 29.4% were German, 15.0% were Irish, 11.0% were English, and 10.6% were American.

Of the 29,479 households, 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families, and 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 39.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $63,139. Males had a median income of $45,699 versus $33,749 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,971. About 8.2% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.


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