Clark County, Indiana facts for kids

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Clark County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Clark County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 03, 1801
Seat Jeffersonville
Largest City Jeffersonville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

376.45 sq mi (975 km²)
372.86 sq mi (966 km²)
3.60 sq mi (9 km²), 0.96%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

110,232
294/sq mi (113.49/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.clark.in.us
Named for: General George Rogers Clark
 

Indiana county number 10

  • Second oldest county in Indiana

Clark County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana, located directly across the Ohio River from Louisville, Kentucky. At the 2010 Census, the population was 110,232. The county seat is Jeffersonville.

Clark County is part of the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Clark County lies on the north bank of the Ohio River. A significant gateway to the state of Indiana, Clark County's settlement began in 1783. The state of Virginia rewarded General George Rogers Clark and his regiment for their victorious capture of Forts Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and Vincennes from the British by granting them 150,000 acres (610 km2) of land. A small portion of this land, 1,000 acres (4.0 km2), became known as Clarksville, the first authorized American settlement in the Northwest Territory, founded the next year in 1784.

Clark County was formed On February 3, 1801 from Knox County. Counties later formed all or in part from Clark County were: Crawford (1818), Decatur (1822), Fayette (1819), Floyd (1819), Franklin (1811), Harrison (1808), Jackson (1816), Jefferson (1811), Jennings (1817), Randolph (1818), Ripley (1816), Rush (1822), Scott (1820), Switzerland (1814), Union (1821), Washington (1814), and Wayne (1811).

The first county seat and court was established in Springville, Indiana on April 7, 1801. The platting of Jeffersonville occurred a year later and the county seat was fixed to Jeffersonville on June 9, 1802 by order of Governor William Henry Harrison. By December 14, 1810 the county seat changed for the third time to Charlestown and it would remain there until 1873. The county seat changed for one last time on September 23, 1873 and returned to Jeffersonville with then mayor Luther Warder campaigning for the county seat's return.

From its beginning Clark County's history, culture and growth have been linked to the development of the river. The use of the steamboat in the early nineteenth century to transport goods and services provided Clark County opportunities for commercial and industrial growth. In 1832, James Howard founded the Howard shipyards making Clark County a leader in ship building and bringing with it economic growth.

The railroad brought further economic growth. Two railroad lines, the Monon, which spanned from New Albany to Chicago and the Jeffersonville, Madison, and Indianapolis railroad, provided Clark County and southern Indiana with access to the northern trading centers of Indianapolis and Chicago.

Industries locating to Clark County during the nineteenth century included the Louisville Cement Company in Speed, Indiana and the Ford Plate Glass Company established in Jeffersonville in 1876.

During the 1920s, Clark County attracted the Colgate-Palmolive Company to the Clarksville Riverfront. Colgate purchased the former Indiana Reformatory building in 1923. The company rehabilitated and adapted the building for its dedication in 1924. They stayed in business until early 2008.

Throughout the years of the Second World War, Clark County prospered. The United States began construction on the Indiana Arsenal near Charlestown in 1940. Producing smokeless powder for the conflict overseas, the arsenal, at times, employed as many as 20,000. During the war, Howard shipyards was Commissioned by the Navy to produce landing craft. Later Howard shipyards reorganized as Jeffersonville Boat and Machine Company (Jeffboat) — a current major employer (1991).

After World War II ended, Clark County as well as the United States experienced significant residential and commercial growth. The Interstate Highway System act of 1956 aided this growth. Because of the improved access and efficiency brought by the interstate system, especially Interstate 65, new development in the form of subdivisions and shopping centers located near these roads.

Clark County history has been closely associated with the development of the Ohio River. From its beginnings, Clark County relied on the river for economic opportunities. Clark County has diversified its economic base, lessened its dependency on the river, and continues to develop in new directions. However, the county still looks to the river as one link to its significant pioneer heritage.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 376.45 square miles (975.0 km2), of which 372.86 square miles (965.7 km2) (or 99.05%) is land and 3.60 square miles (9.3 km2) (or 0.96%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Extinct towns

Townships

  • Bethlehem
  • Carr
  • Charlestown
  • Jeffersonville
  • Monroe
  • Oregon
  • Owen
  • Silver Creek
  • Union
  • Utica
  • Washington
  • Wood

Major highways

  • I-65.svg Interstate 65
  • I-265.svg Interstate 265
  • US 31.svg U.S. Route 31
  • Indiana 3.svg State Road 3
  • Indiana 60.svg State Road 60
  • Indiana 62.svg State Road 62
  • Indiana 111.svg State Road 111
  • Indiana 160.svg State Road 160
  • Indiana 265.svg State Road 265
  • Indiana 311.svg State Road 311
  • Indiana 362.svg State Road 362
  • Indiana 403.svg State Road 403

Airport

  • KJVY - Clark Regional Airport

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Jeffersonville, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.3
 
41
25
 
 
3.3
 
47
29
 
 
4.4
 
57
37
 
 
3.9
 
67
46
 
 
4.9
 
75
56
 
 
3.8
 
83
65
 
 
4.3
 
87
70
 
 
3.4
 
86
68
 
 
3.1
 
79
61
 
 
2.8
 
68
49
 
 
3.8
 
56
39
 
 
3.7
 
45
30
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Jeffersonville have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.79 inches (71 mm) in October to 4.88 inches (124 mm) in May.

Two towns in Clark County, Marysville and Henryville suffered major damage during the Early March 2012 tornado outbreak.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 5,670
1820 8,709 53.6%
1830 10,686 22.7%
1840 14,595 36.6%
1850 15,828 8.4%
1860 20,502 29.5%
1870 24,770 20.8%
1880 28,610 15.5%
1890 30,259 5.8%
1900 31,835 5.2%
1910 30,260 −4.9%
1920 29,381 −2.9%
1930 30,764 4.7%
1940 31,020 0.8%
1950 48,330 55.8%
1960 62,795 29.9%
1970 75,876 20.8%
1980 88,838 17.1%
1990 87,774 −1.2%
2000 96,472 9.9%
2010 110,232 14.3%
Est. 2015 115,371 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 110,232 people, 44,248 households, and 29,474 families residing in the county. The population density was 295.6 inhabitants per square mile (114.1/km2). There were 47,776 housing units at an average density of 128.1 per square mile (49.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.1% white, 6.9% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.6% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.3% were German, 15.0% were Irish, 13.0% were American, and 9.8% were English.

Of the 44,248 households, 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families, and 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 37.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $58,090. Males had a median income of $43,053 versus $32,361 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,592. About 9.0% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.


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