Jefferson County, Indiana facts for kids
|Jefferson County, Indiana|
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
362.89 sq mi (940 km²)
360.63 sq mi (934 km²)
2.26 sq mi (6 km²), 0.62%
90/sq mi (34.65/km²)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
|Named for: Thomas Jefferson|
|Indiana county number 39|
Jefferson County was one of Indiana's first counties and many important early Hoosiers came from Madison, including William Hendricks. Throughout the early history of the state, Madison was one of the leading cities competing with Vincennes and later New Albany to be the largest city in the state. The county fell into economic decline after the American Civil War, as industry began to shift from southern Indiana to the northern part of the state.
On the evening of May 20, 2009 the county courthouse caught fire. The fire began in the steeple of the courthouse, which was under reconstruction for Madison's bicentenary. The roof of the dome had just been painted gold. Fire departments from across southern Indiana and northern Kentucky arrived to put out the fire which burned for several hours, destroyed much of the inside of the building and the county records. The fire forced the evacuation of the nearby county jail, and effectively shut down the downtown area of the city. It was later determined the fire was accidentally started by workers who were welding on the metal roof dome.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 362.89 square miles (939.9 km2), of which 360.63 square miles (934.0 km2) (or 99.38%) is land and 2.26 square miles (5.9 km2) (or 0.62%) is water.
Cities and towns
- Ripley County (north)
- Switzerland County (east)
- Carroll County, Kentucky (southeast)
- Trimble County, Kentucky (south)
- Clark County (southwest)
- Scott County (west)
- Jennings County (northwest)
Sources: National Atlas, U.S. Census Bureau
National protected area
- Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge (part)
Climate and weather
|Weather chart for Madison, Indiana|
|temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel
In recent years, average temperatures in Madison have ranged from a low of 23 °F (−5 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −18 °F (−28 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 108 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.92 inches (74 mm) in September to 4.96 inches (126 mm) in May.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,428 people, 12,635 households, and 8,456 families residing in the county. The population density was 89.9 inhabitants per square mile (34.7/km2). There were 14,311 housing units at an average density of 39.7 per square mile (15.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.2% white, 1.7% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.9% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.5% were German, 15.4% were American, 12.9% were Irish, and 11.2% were English.
Of the 12,635 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 39.7 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $52,343. Males had a median income of $42,629 versus $30,475 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,278. About 10.2% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.
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