Knox County, Indiana facts for kids

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Knox County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Knox County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded June 6, 1790
Seat Vincennes
Largest City Vincennes
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

524.04 sq mi (1,357 km²)
516.03 sq mi (1,337 km²)
8.01 sq mi (21 km²),
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

38,440
75/sq mi (29/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.knoxcounty.in.gov
Named for: Henry Knox
 

Indiana county number 42

  • Oldest county in Indiana and Indiana Territory
  • Eighth largest county in Indiana by area

Knox County is a county located in Indiana in the United States. It was one of two original counties created in the old Northwest Territory in 1790 and was reduced to its present size in 1817. As of 2010, the population was 38,440. The county seat is Vincennes.

History

In 1790, Winthrop Sargent, Secretary of Northwest Territory, organized the first Indiana county, Knox County. It was named for Major General Henry Knox, U.S. Secretary of War.

Knox County was one of the original counties of the Northwest Territory and was created prior to the formation of the Indiana Territory. When it was created, Knox County extended to Canada and encompassed all or part of the present states of Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, and Ohio. When the Illinois Territory was formed in 1809, the portions of Knox County beyond the Wabash River became a part of Illinois.

Many of Knox Country townships and lots were surveyed with the French system, which goes towards non-cardinal compass points. Knox and Clark counties are the only ones laid out in this fashion.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 524.04 square miles (1,357.3 km2), of which 516.03 square miles (1,336.5 km2) (or 98.47%) is land and 8.01 square miles (20.7 km2) (or 1.53%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 41
  • US 50
  • US 150
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  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
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Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • George Rogers Clark National Historical Park

Cities and towns

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Townships

  • Busseron
  • Decker
  • Harrison
  • Johnson
  • Palmyra
  • Steen
  • Vigo
  • Vincennes
  • Washington
  • Widner

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Vincennes, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.6
 
36
18
 
 
2.5
 
42
22
 
 
3.6
 
53
32
 
 
4.3
 
65
42
 
 
5.1
 
75
52
 
 
4.1
 
84
61
 
 
4.7
 
88
65
 
 
3.7
 
86
63
 
 
3.2
 
80
54
 
 
3.2
 
68
42
 
 
4.3
 
54
33
 
 
3.2
 
42
23
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Vincennes have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.51 inches (64 mm) in February to 5.13 inches (130 mm) in May.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 2,517
1810 7,945 215.7%
1820 5,437 −31.6%
1830 6,525 20.0%
1840 10,657 63.3%
1850 11,084 4.0%
1860 16,056 44.9%
1870 21,562 34.3%
1880 26,324 22.1%
1890 28,044 6.5%
1900 32,746 16.8%
1910 39,183 19.7%
1920 46,195 17.9%
1930 43,813 −5.2%
1940 43,973 0.4%
1950 43,415 −1.3%
1960 41,561 −4.3%
1970 41,546 0.0%
1980 41,838 0.7%
1990 39,884 −4.7%
2000 39,256 −1.6%
2010 38,440 −2.1%
Est. 2015 37,927 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 38,440 people, 15,249 households, and 9,725 families residing in the county. The population density was 74.5 inhabitants per square mile (28.8/km2). There were 17,038 housing units at an average density of 33.0 per square mile (12.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.9% white, 2.6% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.9% were German, 19.9% were American, 13.0% were Irish, and 9.1% were English.

Of the 15,249 households, 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.2% were non-families, and 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 38.5 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $51,534. Males had a median income of $40,553 versus $27,201 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,381. About 12.6% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

Workforce

In 2005, Knox County had 998 business units and 16,240 jobs. The largest employing industry in the county was education and health services (including both public and private employment) with almost 34 percent of total industry employment. Trade, transportation, and utilities came in second with over 22 percent of total industry employment. Manufacturing showed the most job growth and the largest percentage gain since 2001, increasing 316 jobs or almost 21 percent.

The 2005 all industry earnings average for Knox County was $26,875, up $2,824 or 11.7 percent over the county’s 2001 average. The manufacturing industry had the highest average annual earnings at $33,238, increasing $1,695 since 2001. Annual earnings in the information sector increased the most between 2001 and 2005, up $6,518 or 29.7 percent.

The Vincennes area has a diversified economy. In 2005 retail trade was the largest of 20 major sectors. It had an average wage per job of $19,743. Per capita income grew by 17.9% between 1994 and 2004 (adjusted for inflation). While manufacturing accounts for 8.2% of the jobs, the services sector is rapidly growing. Knox County's ground breaking Pathways Program insures a well-trained, highly motivated labor force. Knox County encompasses an area that attracts approximately 300,000 potential employees within an easy commute. Because of the proximity of the surrounding counties, and ease of access to the Vincennes area, businesses routinely draw from a labor force that lies within a 50-mile radius of their work site.


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