Henry Knox facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
|1st United States Secretary of War|
March 8, 1785 – December 31, 1794
|Succeeded by||Timothy Pickering|
July 25, 1750|
Boston, Massachusetts, British America
|Died||October 25, 1806
near Thomaston, Maine, U.S.
|Nationality||British (at birth)
American (at death)
|Allegiance||United States of America|
United States Army
|Years of service||1775-1784|
|Rank|| Colonel 1775-1776
Brigadier General 1776-1781
Major General 1781-1784
|Commands||Chief of Artillery|
|Battles/wars||American Revolutionary War
Battle of Bunker Hill
Siege of Boston
Battle of Long Island
Battle of Trenton
Battle of the Assunpink Creek
Battle of Princeton
Battle of Brandywine
Battle of Germantown
Battle of Monmouth
Siege of Yorktown
Henry Knox (1750-1806) was a military leader for the Americans during the American Revolutionary War. Originally from Boston, Massachusetts, he was appointed Chief Artillery Officer of the Continental Army. He is best known for transporting cannons and other artillery from Fort Ticonderoga to Boston through icy conditions using oxen. Later, George Washington named him the first Secretary of War.
Knox died at his home on October 25, 1806, at the age of 56, three days after swallowing a chicken bone which lodged in his throat and caused a fatal infection. He was buried on his estate in Thomaston with full military honors.
Towns and cities in Maine, Indiana, Iowa, Illinois, Maryland, and Tennessee are named Knox or Knoxville in his honor. There are counties named for Knox in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Tennessee, and Texas. The house he used as a headquarters in New Windsor, New York, during the Revolution has been preserved as Knox's Headquarters State Historic Site; it is a listed National Historic Landmark. Knox Township, Illinois, is named after Knox, as is Knox Place in the Bronx, New York.
Knox was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1791.
Two forts, Fort Knox in Kentucky and Fort Knox (Maine) were named after him. Knox Hall at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, home of the U.S. Army Field Artillery School, is named in his honor, as is an annual award recognizing the performance of U.S. artillery batteries. The Major General Nathanael Greene–class large coastal tug USAV Major General Henry Knox (LT-802) is named in honor of Knox. His papers have been preserved at the Massachusetts Historical Society, and his personal library resides in the Boston Athenaeum in proximity to that of his friend, George Washington.
Images for kids
Men are visible behind Washington working to unload cannon in Thomas Sully's 1819 The Passage of the Delaware (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)
Henry Knox Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.