kids encyclopedia robot

Anthony Wayne facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Anthony Wayne
Anthony Wayne, uniform.jpg
5th Senior Officer of the United States Army
In office
April 13, 1792 – December 15, 1796
President George Washington
Preceded by Arthur St. Clair
Succeeded by James Wilkinson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1791 – March 21, 1792
Preceded by James Jackson
Succeeded by John Milledge
Personal details
Born (1745-01-01)January 1, 1745
Easttown Township, Province of Pennsylvania
Died December 15, 1796(1796-12-15) (aged 51)
Fort Presque Isle, Erie, Pennsylvania
Resting place St. David's Episcopal Church, Radnor
Political party Anti-Administration party
Spouse(s) Mary Penrose
Children Margretta Wayne, Isaac Wayne
Relatives Isaac Wayne (father)
Samuel Van Leer (brother in-law)
Occupation Soldier
Nickname(s) Mad Anthony
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Branch/service Continental Army
Seal of the United States Board of War and Ordnance.svg U.S. Army
Years of service 1775–1783
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major general
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War

Northwest Indian War

Anthony Wayne (January 1, 1745 – December 15, 1796) was an American soldier, officer and statesman of Irish descent. He adopted a military career at the outset of the American Revolutionary War, where his military exploits and fiery personality quickly earned him promotion to brigadier general and the nickname "Mad Anthony". He later served as the Senior Officer of the Army on the Ohio Country frontier and led the Legion of the United States.

Wayne was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, and worked as a tanner and surveyor after attending the College of Philadelphia. He was elected to the Pennsylvania General Assembly and helped raise a Pennsylvania militia unit in 1775. During the Revolutionary War, he served in the Invasion of Quebec, the Philadelphia campaign, and the Yorktown campaign. His reputation suffered due to his defeat in the Battle of Paoli, but he won wide praise for his leadership in the 1779 Battle of Stony Point. He was promoted to Major General in 1783 but retired from the Continental Army soon after. Anthony Wayne was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati of the State of Georgia. In 1780, he was elected to the American Philosophical Society.

After the war, Wayne settled in Georgia on land that had been granted to him for his military service. He briefly represented Georgia in the House of Representatives, then returned to the Army to accept command of U.S. forces in the Northwest Indian War. His forces defeated the Western Confederacy, an alliance of several Indian tribes, at the 1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers, and he masterminded the Treaty of Greenville which ended the war.

Wayne died in 1796 in Erie, Pennsylvania, while on active duty.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Anthony Wayne Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.