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Benjamin Lincoln
General Benjamin Lincoln-restored.jpg
1st Collector of the Port of Boston
In office
1789–1809
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Henry Dearborn
2nd Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
In office
1788–1789
Governor John Hancock
Preceded by Thomas Cushing
Succeeded by Samuel Adams
1st United States Secretary at War
In office
March 1, 1781 – November 2, 1783
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Henry Knox
1st Clerk of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress
In office
October 7, 1774 – May 31, 1775
Preceded by office established
Succeeded by Samuel Freeman
Personal details
Born (1733-01-24)January 24, 1733
Hingham, Massachusetts Bay, British America
Died May 9, 1810(1810-05-09) (aged 77)
Hingham, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s)
Mary Cushing (m. 1756)
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  Great Britain
 United States
Branch/service Massachusetts Bay militia
Gadsden flag.svgContinental Army
Seal of the United States Board of War.png United States Army
Years of service Militia (1755–1777)
Continental Army (1777–1781)
Rank Major general
Commands Massachusetts provincial militia
Bound Brook
Southern Department
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War
 • Boston campaign
 • Battle of White Plains
 • Battle of Bound Brook
 • Second Battle of Saratoga (Bemis Heights)
 • Siege of Savannah
 • Siege of Charleston
 • Yorktown campaign
Shays' Rebellion

Benjamin Lincoln (January 24, 1733 (O.S. January 13, 1733) – May 9, 1810) was an American army officer. He served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Lincoln was involved in three major surrenders during the war: his participation in the Battles of Saratoga (sustaining a wound shortly afterward) contributed to John Burgoyne's surrender of a British army, he oversaw the largest American surrender of the war at the 1780 Siege of Charleston, and, as George Washington's second in command, he formally accepted the British surrender at Yorktown.

After the war Lincoln was active in politics in his native Massachusetts, running several times for lieutenant governor but only winning one term in that office. He served from 1781 to 1783 as the first United States Secretary of War during the American Revolutionary War under Washington. In 1787, Lincoln led a militia army (privately funded by Massachusetts merchants) in the suppression of Shays' Rebellion, and was a strong supporter of the new United States Constitution. He was for many of his later years the politically influential customs collector of the Port of Boston. There is no evidence to suggest he was related to Abraham Lincoln.

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