Knox County, Kentucky facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Knox County, Kentucky
Map
Map of Kentucky highlighting Knox County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the USA highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 19, 1799
Seat Barbourville
Largest City Barbourville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

388 sq mi (1,005 km²)
386 sq mi (1,000 km²)
1.5 sq mi (4 km²), 0.4%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

31,883
83/sq mi (32/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.knoxcountyky.com
Named for: Henry Knox

Knox County is a county located near the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,883. Its county seat is Barbourville. The county is named for General Henry Knox.

Knox County is included in the London, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area.

It is one of the few coal-producing counties in Kentucky not to experience massive population loss.

History

Knox County was formed on December 19, 1799, from portions of Lincoln County. It was named for Henry Knox, a general and the first United States Secretary of War.

The Civil War Battle of Barbourville was fought on September 19, 1861, between 800 Confederate soldiers from General Felix Zollicoffer's command and 300 Union troops who attempted to defend the Union's Camp Dick Robinson. The Union men tore up the planks on the bridge in an attempt to keep the Confederates from crossing, but the more numerous Confederates succeeded anyway. They destroyed the camp and seized the arms and equipment it contained.

The present courthouse, completed in 1964, is the fifth courthouse to serve the county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 388 square miles (1,000 km2), of which 386 square miles (1,000 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 5,875
1820 3,661 −37.7%
1830 4,315 17.9%
1840 5,722 32.6%
1850 7,050 23.2%
1860 7,707 9.3%
1870 8,294 7.6%
1880 10,587 27.6%
1890 13,762 30.0%
1900 17,372 26.2%
1910 22,116 27.3%
1920 24,172 9.3%
1930 26,266 8.7%
1940 31,029 18.1%
1950 30,409 −2.0%
1960 25,258 −16.9%
1970 23,689 −6.2%
1980 30,239 27.6%
1990 29,676 −1.9%
2000 31,795 7.1%
2010 31,883 0.3%
Est. 2015 31,730 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 31,795 people, 12,416 households, and 8,939 families residing in the county. The population density was 82 per square mile (32/km2). There were 13,999 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.84% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,416 households out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 13.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,294, and the median income for a family was $23,136. Males had a median income of $24,833 versus $18,390 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,660. About 29.60% of families and 34.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.40% of those under age 18 and 28.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

  • Gray
  • Kay Jay

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