Pike County, Indiana facts for kids

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Pike County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Pike County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 21, 1816
Seat Petersburg
Largest City Petersburg
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

341.09 sq mi (883 km²)
334.24 sq mi (866 km²)
6.86 sq mi (18 km²), 2.01%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

12,845
38/sq mi (15/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Named for: Zebulon Pike
 
  • Indiana county number 63
  • First county created after statehood
  • 2010 median center of U.S. population

Pike County is a county located in the Southwest part of the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 12,845. The county seat is Petersburg. It contains the geographic point representing median center of population of the United States.

Pike County is part of the Jasper Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Formed on December 21, 1816, Pike County was the first county formed after Indiana became a state. It was formed from Gibson and Perry counties, and was named for Zebulon Pike, famous for his Pike Expedition of 1806 – 1807, exploring the southwest portion of the Louisiana Purchase. Pike commanded the 4th Infantry Regiment at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. He was killed as a brigadier general during the War of 1812 after his men had captured York (now Toronto), Canada.

From 1959 to 1963 Vance Hartke and Homer E. Capehart were the U.S. Senators for Indiana, both from Pike County.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 341.09 square miles (883.4 km2), of which 334.24 square miles (865.7 km2) (or 97.99%) is land and 6.86 square miles (17.8 km2) (or 2.01%) is water.

City

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

Townships

  • Clay
  • Jefferson
  • Lockhart
  • Logan
  • Madison
  • Marion
  • Monroe
  • Patoka
  • Washington

Major highways

  • I-69.svg Interstate 69
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area (Eastern Half)

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Petersburg, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3
 
38
21
 
 
2.7
 
44
25
 
 
4.1
 
54
33
 
 
4.2
 
66
44
 
 
5.1
 
75
54
 
 
3.8
 
83
63
 
 
4.2
 
87
67
 
 
3.8
 
86
65
 
 
3
 
80
57
 
 
2.8
 
69
45
 
 
4.5
 
55
36
 
 
3.4
 
43
26
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Petersburg have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −18 °F (−28 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in September 2002. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.73 inches (69 mm) in February to 5.14 inches (131 mm) in May.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,472
1830 2,475 68.1%
1840 4,769 92.7%
1850 7,720 61.9%
1860 10,078 30.5%
1870 13,779 36.7%
1880 16,383 18.9%
1890 18,544 13.2%
1900 20,486 10.5%
1910 19,684 −3.9%
1920 18,684 −5.1%
1930 16,361 −12.4%
1940 17,045 4.2%
1950 14,995 −12.0%
1960 12,797 −14.7%
1970 12,281 −4.0%
1980 13,465 9.6%
1990 12,509 −7.1%
2000 12,837 2.6%
2010 12,845 0.1%
Est. 2015 12,594 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,845 people, 5,186 households, and 3,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 38.4 inhabitants per square mile (14.8/km2). There were 5,735 housing units at an average density of 17.2 per square mile (6.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.7% were American, 25.1% were German, 15.8% were Irish, and 11.4% were English.

Of the 5,186 households, 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.7% were non-families, and 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 42.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $49,423. Males had a median income of $40,952 versus $29,664 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,005. About 9.0% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.


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