William Henry Harrison facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
William Henry Harrison
|9th President of the United States|
March 4, 1841 – April 4, 1841
|Vice President||John Tyler|
|Preceded by||Martin Van Buren|
|Succeeded by||John Tyler|
|United States Minister to Colombia|
May 24, 1828 – September 26, 1829
|Nominated by||John Quincy Adams|
|Preceded by||Beaufort Watts|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Moore|
|United States Senator
March 4, 1825 – May 20, 1828
|Preceded by||Ethan Brown|
|Succeeded by||Jacob Burnet|
October 8, 1816 – March 3, 1819
|Preceded by||John McLean|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Ross|
|Governor of the Indiana Territory|
January 10, 1801 – December 28, 1812
|Appointed by||John Adams|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Posey|
March 4, 1799 – May 14, 1800
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Paul Fearing|
|Secretary of the Northwest Territory|
June 28, 1798 – October 1, 1799
|Preceded by||Winthrop Sargent|
|Succeeded by||Charles Byrd|
February 9, 1773|
Charles City County, Virginia
|Died||April 4, 1841
|Political party||Whig party|
|Spouse(s)||Anna Symmes Harrison|
William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841) was the 9th President of the United States. His nickname was "Old Tippecanoe " and he was a well-respected war veteran. Harrison served the shortest term of any United States President. His term lasted for exactly one month.
He was elected president in 1840, and took the oath of office on March 4, 1841. His inauguration speech lasted an hour and forty minutes. William Henry Harrison caught a serious case of pneumonia, and on April 4 that same year he died. He was the first President to die in office. Harrison was the oldest president to take office at 68 years, 23 days, until 1981 when Ronald Reagan was a year older than Harrison. He was the last president to be born before the United States Declaration of Independence.
His grandson was the 23rd President of the United States, Benjamin Harrison.
Harrison was born on February 9, 1773. He is the youngest of Benjamin Harrison V and Elizabeth Bassett's seven children. They lived in Berkeley Plantation at Charles City County, Virginia. He was the last president to be born as a British citizen before the American Independence. His father was a planter and a delegate to the Continental Congress (1774–1777) who signed the Declaration of Independence. He was Governor of Virginia between 1781 and 1784. His older brother Carter Bassett Harrison was elected a representative of Virginia in the United States House of Representatives.
In 1787, he attended the Presbyterian Hampden-Sydney College. He attended the school until 1790. Harrison was fluent in Latin and French.
Marriage and family
In 1795, he met Anna Symmes. They had 10 children.
He took the oath of office in March 4, 1841 which was a cold and wet day. His inaugural address was the longest in American history.
Harrison's inaugural address was a detailed statement of the Whig agenda, mainly unclaimed honest of Jackson's and Van Buren's policies.
Harrison promised to reestablish the Bank of the United States and extend its maximum amount for credit by issuing paper currency (see Henry Clay).
Illness and death
On March 26, 1841, Harrison became ill with a cold. His illness was believed to have been caused by the bad weather in the inauguration.
The cold was worsened, quickly turning to pneumonia and pleurisy. He tried to rest in the White House, but could not find a quiet room because of the crowd of office seekers. His very busy social schedule made it harder for time to rest.
Harrison's doctors tried cures of applying opium, castor oil, leeches, and Virginia snakeweed. But the treatments only made Harrison worse, and he became restless.
Harrison died on his 32nd day as president on April 4, 1841 at 12:30 am of pneumonia, jaundice, and septicima. He served the shortest term of any president from March 4, 1841 to April 4, 1841, 30 days, 12 hours, and 30 mintues. He was the first president of the United States to die in office.
Harrison's funeral took place in Wesley Chapel in Cincinnati, Ohio on April 7, 1841. His original interment was in Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C.. He was later buried in North Bend, Ohio.
Images for kids
Berkeley Plantation (Harrison's birthplace) in Charles City County, Virginia
Engraved portrait print of Harrison at age 27 as a delegate member of the House of Representatives from the Northwest Territory, c. 1800 by Charles Balthazar Julien Févret de Saint-Mémin.
This portrait of Harrison originally showed him in civilian clothes as the congressional delegate from the Northwest Territory in 1800, but the uniform was added after he became famous in the War of 1812.
Chromolithograph print of William Henry Harrison
Harrison (on left) at Tippecanoe County Courthouse, Lafayette, Indiana
Equestrian statue of Harrison in Cincinnati, by Louis Rebisso
- In Spanish: William Henry Harrison