James Monroe facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
|5th President of the United States|
March 4, 1817 – March 3, 1825
|Vice President||Daniel D. Tompkins|
|Preceded by||James Madison|
|Succeeded by||John Quincy Adams|
|12th and 16th Governor of Virginia|
December 28, 1799 – December 1, 1802
|Preceded by||James Wood|
|Succeeded by||John Page|
January 16, 1811 – April 2, 1811
|Preceded by||George William Smith|
|Succeeded by||George William Smith|
April 28, 1758|
Westmoreland County, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||July 4, 1831
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth Kortright Monroe|
James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was the fifth President of the United States.
Monroe was born in Virginia. His father died at age 16. At age 18, he joined the Continental Army. He later studied law with Thomas Jefferson. Created the Monroe Doctrine and was included in the Louisiana Purchase. Many cities have been named Monroe.
He married Elizabeth Kotright in 1789.
Monroe was Governor of Virginia from 1799 - 1802.
Monroe negotiated the Louisiana Purchase.
Monroe was president from 1817 to 1825. With his Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, Monroe got Spain to give the United States Florida. Monroe and Adams also created the Monroe Doctrine, which was a policy that said that the United States did not want Europe to be involved in the Western Hemisphere anymore.
Monroe signed the Missouri Compromise. The compromise was to delay the slavery issue in the United States. Monroe was the last president to have fought in the American Revolutionary War. Monroe was the last President of the United States to be a founding father of the United States.
Monroe retired to Virginia. After his wife's death he moved to New York where he died on July 4, 1831.
Images for kids
Monroe Hall at the University of Virginia; Monroe once owned the land on which the university sits
Marker designating the site of James Monroe's birthplace in Monroe Hall, Virginia
Monroe's grave at Hollywood Cemetery. John Tyler's grave is visible in the background
Statue of Monroe at Ash Lawn-Highland
John Trumbull painted The Capture of the Hessians at Trenton, December 26, 1776 showing Captain William Washington, with wounded hand, on the right and Lt. Monroe, severely wounded and helped by Dr. Riker, left of center
James Monroe Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.