Black Hawk (Sauk leader) facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
An illustration of Black Hawk, from History of the Indian Tribes of North America
|Died||October 3, 1838
Davis County, Iowa, U.S.
|Monuments||Black Hawk Statue, Black Hawk State Historic Site|
|Other names||Black Sparrow Hawk|
|Occupation||War captain; band leader|
|Known for||Black Hawk War|
Black Hawk, born Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak, (1767 – October 3, 1838) was a band leader and warrior of the Sauk Native American tribe in what is now the Midwest of the United States. Although he had inherited an important historic sacred bundle from his father, he was not a hereditary civil chief. Black Hawk earned his status as a war chief or captain by his actions; leading raiding and war parties as a young man, and then a band of Sauk warriors during the Black Hawk War of 1832.
During the War of 1812, Black Hawk fought on the side of the British against the U.S., hoping to push white American settlers away from Sauk territory. Later he led a band of Sauk and Fox warriors, known as the British Band, against European-American settlers in Illinois and present-day Wisconsin in the 1832 Black Hawk War. After the war, he was captured by U.S. forces and taken to the eastern U.S. He and other war leaders were taken on a tour of several cities.
Shortly before being released from custody, Black Hawk told his story to an interpreter; aided also by a newspaper reporter, he published Autobiography of Ma-Ka-Tai-Me-She-Kia-Kiak, or Black Hawk, Embracing the Traditions of his Nation... in 1833 in Cincinnati, Ohio. The first Native American autobiography to be published in the U.S., his book became an immediate bestseller and has gone through several editions. Black Hawk died in 1838 (at age 70 or 71) in what is now southeastern Iowa. He has been honored by an enduring legacy: his book, many eponyms, and other tributes.
Images for kids
Plans of the original Fort Madison, 1810. Black Hawk participated in the 1809 and 1812 sieges; the fort fell to British-supported Indians in 1813.
Plaster life cast of Black Hawk, original ca. 1830, at Black Hawk State Historic Site
Calumet (or "peace pipe") used by Black Hawk, on display at Black Hawk State Historic Site.
Statue of Black Hawk at Black Hawk State Historic Site
Portrait of Black Hawk, from the U.S. Library of Congress
Black Hawk (Sauk leader) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.