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Roger Brooke Taney
Roger Taney - Healy.jpg
5th Chief Justice of the United States
In office
March 28, 1836 – October 12, 1864
Nominated by Andrew Jackson
Preceded by John Marshall
Succeeded by Salmon P. Chase
12th United States Secretary of the Treasury
In office
September 23, 1833 – June 25, 1834
President Andrew Jackson
Preceded by William John Duane
Succeeded by Levi Woodbury
11th United States Attorney General
In office
July 20, 1831 – November 14, 1833
President Andrew Jackson
Preceded by John M. Berrien
Succeeded by Benjamin Franklin Butler
Personal details
Born (1777-03-17)March 17, 1777
Calvert County, Maryland, U.S.
Died October 12, 1864(1864-10-12) (aged 87)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political party Federalist, Democrat
Spouse(s) Anne Arnold Phoebe Charlton Key Taney
Alma mater Dickinson College
Profession Politician, Lawyer, Judge

Roger Brooke Taney (March 17 1777October 12 1864) was a Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He came after John Marshall and despite the many influential things done by his predecessor, still was able to write several major opinions. His decision in Dred Scott to send a slave living in a free state back to his master in a slave state canceled out several compromises that had been keeping the Union together. When president Abraham Lincoln began using powers not normally given to the presidency to put certain rights on hold, Taney kept on trying to overrule him. These attempts were ignored and rumored to have almost led to Taney's arrest.

When Taney County, Missouri was officially organized in 1837, it was named in his honor. At the time Abraham Lincoln became president, Taney swore in Lincoln.

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