Jasper, Indiana facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Dubois County Courthouse
"The Nation's Wood Capital"
Location of Jasper in Dubois County, Indiana.
|Township||Bainbridge, Boone, Madison|
|• Total||13.34 sq mi (34.55 km2)|
|• Land||13.25 sq mi (34.32 km2)|
|• Water||0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)|
|Elevation||466 ft (142 m)|
|• Density||1,260.51/sq mi (486.68/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
47546, 47547, 47549
|Area code||812 & 930|
|GNIS feature ID||436944|
Jasper is a city in, and the county seat of, Dubois County, Indiana, United States, located along the Patoka River. The population was 16,703 at the 2020 census making it the 48th largest city in Indiana. On November 4, 2007, Dubois County returned to the Eastern Time Zone, after having moved to the Central Time Zone the previous year. Land use in the area is primarily agricultural. The Indiana Baseball Hall of Fame, which honors players and others associated with the national pastime who were born or lived in Indiana, is located in Jasper.
Jasper was founded in 1818. The Enlow family were the first settlers of the town. Jasper was originally going to be called Eleanor, the wife of settler Joseph Enlow, but she opted to suggest a name herself, and named the city after a passage in the Bible (Revelations 21:19).
Jasper was not officially platted until 1830. That year, the community became the new county seat of Dubois County, succeeding Portersville.
The Jasper post office has been in operation since 1832. During the New Deal era, Jessie Hull Mayer won a federal commission to paint a mural as part of the Section of Painting and Sculpture′s projects, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department. Indiana Farming Scene in Late Autumn depicts a harvest scene on a farmstead, with no indication of the town. In 1975, the painting was featured as part of a film, Art for Main Street: The Indiana Post Office Murals, produced by the Indiana Historical Society.
Jasper was incorporated as a town in 1866, and was incorporated into a city in 1915.
- Jasper was previously ranked in the top 25 in Norman Crampton's 1992 book 100 Best Small Towns in America.
- In 2005, Jasper was ranked in the ten best places to live in the U.S. by Relocate America.
- In 2014, movoto.com ranked Jasper fifth on their "10 Best Cities to Live in Indiana" list.
- A 2014 report by safewise.com placed Jasper 8th on the "50 Safest Cities in Indiana" rankings.
- According to a study done by NerdWallet.com, Jasper is 9th on the "Best Places to Start a Business in Indiana" list.
Jasper is located at(38.391439, -86.930772), and is roughly:
- 1 hour northeast of Evansville, Indiana.
- 2 1/2 hours southwest of Indianapolis.
- 1 1/2 hours west of Louisville, Kentucky.
- 3 hours east of St. Louis, Missouri.
According to the 2010 census, Jasper has a total area of 13.191 square miles (34.16 km2), of which 13.1 square miles (33.93 km2) (or 99.31%) is land and 0.091 square miles (0.24 km2) (or 0.69%) is water. City limits extend from Bainbridge Township into Madison and Boone Townships.
|Source: US Census Bureau|
As of the census of 2010, the population of Jasper was 15,038 and there were 5,994 households. The gender makeup of the city is 49.2% male and 50.8% female.
The racial makeup of the city was:
- 93.6% white
- 7.7% Hispanic (of any race)
- 0.4% African American
- 0.9% Asian
- 0.2% Native American
- 4.0% from other races
- 0.9% from two or more races.
Of the total Jasper population:
- 14.0% were 1-9
- 12.9% were 10-19
- 12.1% were 20-29
- 11.9% were 30-39
- 14.4% were 40-49
- 13.6% were 50-59
- 9.1% were 60-69
- 6.1% were 70-79
- 5.4% were 80 or older
- Median age was 39.3 years. For males it was 36.9 years and for females, 41.6 years.
- Overall median household income in Jasper is $53,968
- Median income for a family is $65,903
- Males had a median income of $37,432
- Females had a median income of $32,218
- The per capita income for the city is $28,540
- About 5.7% of families and 7.6% of the population are below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 and over.
Jasper participates in the sister cities program, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI).
Arts and culture
The Jasper Strassenfest is a four-day event held annually during the first weekend in August. The "Fest" is a celebration between Jasper and its German sister-city Pfaffenweiler, a small village in southwest Germany. Many citizens of Pfaffenweiler travel to Jasper around this time of year. The street festival encompasses the entire city square, complete with numerous food stands, rides, and a very large Biergarten. On average, over 1,300 pounds of bratwurst are consumed during the four-day event. The Strassenfest culminates in a Sunday parade and evening fireworks. The festival also incorporates a golf tournament, beauty pageant (Miss Strassenfest), box parade, fishing tournament, and a network of German "Polka Masses" at the three Roman Catholic parishes: St. Joseph's, Holy Family, and Precious Blood.
National Register of Historic Places
There are 12 Dubois County locations or buildings listed on the NRHS with 5 being in Jasper.
- Dubois County Courthouse
- Gramelspacher-Gutzweiler House
- John Opel House
- St. Joseph Catholic Church
- Louis H. Sturm Hardware Store
Jasper is a regional center in Southwestern Indiana, noted for its heavily German Catholic ancestral roots. Jasper has often been called the "Wood Capital of the World", boasting many furniture companies, including Kimball International and Masterbrand Cabinets. Jasper is home to the Southern Indiana Education Center (SIEC), Jasper Engines & Transmissions (largest re-manufacturer in the market), and to a satellite campus of Vincennes University.
The largest industry sectors by employment in Jasper are manufacturing, retail, and health care & social services.
According to the Jasper Chamber of Commerce
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|3||Jasper Engines & Transmissions||1,500|
|5||Jasper Rubber Products||800|
In 1970, the school system of Ireland, an unincorporated town west of Jasper along State Route 56, was consolidated into that of Jasper.
- Jasper High School (public, grades 9 to 12)
- Jasper Middle School (public 6 to 8)
- Ireland Elementary School (public pre-K to 5)
- Jasper Elementary School (public pre-K to 5)
- Holy Trinity Catholic School
- West Campus at St. Mary's Ireland (private pre-K)
- Central Campus at Precious Blood (private pre K to 2)
- East Campus at Holy Family (private 3 to 8)
- Vincennes University (Jasper Campus)
The city has a free lending library, the Jasper-Dubois County Public Library. In January 2021, the library moved into a new building that it shares with the Thyen-Clark Cultural Center.
- Mike Braun, U.S. Senator and former member of the Indiana House of Representatives
- Daniel M. Buechlein, former Roman Catholic Archbishop of Indianapolis
- Brad Ellsworth, former member of the U.S. House of Representatives
- Spike Gehlhausen, Indy car driver
- Paul Hoffman, Purdue All-American, NBA Rookie of the Year, NBA Champion
- Shane Lindauer, member of the Indiana House of Representatives
- Matt Mauck, National Football League quarterback; led the LSU Tigers to the 2003 national championship
- Mark Messmer, member of the Indiana State Senate
- Frank W. Milburn, World War II and Korean War general
- Edith Pfau, artist
- Scott Rolen, Major League Baseball player
- Ralph K. Rottet, Lieutenant general, U.S. Marine Corps
- William J. Schroeder, longest lived person on a Jarvik-7
- Bernard V. Vonderschmitt, most noted as a co-founder of leading FPGA producer Xilinx.
- Wilfrid Worland, Washington, D.C.–area architect
Jasper, Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.