Jasper County, Indiana facts for kids

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Jasper County, Indiana
County
Jasper County Courthouse in Rensselaer
Jasper County Courthouse in Rensselaer
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
Region Northwest Indiana
Metro area Chicago Metropolitan
Established February 7, 1835
Named for Sgt. William Jasper
Area
 • County 561.39 sq mi (1,454.0 km2)
 • Land 559.62 sq mi (1,449.4 km2)
 • Water 1.76 sq mi (4.6 km2)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
Area rank 3rd largest county in Indiana
 • Region 2,726 sq mi (7,060 km2)
Elevation 696 ft (212 m)
Population (2010)
 • County 33,478
 • Estimate (2013) 33,389
 • Rank 54th largest county in Indiana
1,341st largest county in U.S.
 • Density 59.8/sq mi (23.1/km2)
 • Metro 9,522,434
 • Region 819,537
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes 46310, 46341, 46374, 46392, 47922, 47943, 47946, 47948, 47957, 47959, 47977-78, 47995
Area code 219
Congressional district 4th
Indiana Senate districts 5th and 7th
Indiana House of Representatives districts 4th, 16th and 20th
FIPS code 18-073
GNIS feature ID 0450494
Interstate and U.S. Route

I-65.svg US 24.svg US 231.svg


State Routes

Indiana 10.svg Indiana 14.svg Indiana 16.svg Indiana 49.svg Indiana 110.svg Indiana 114.svg


Airport

Jasper County


Waterways

Iroquois River – Kankakee River


Amtrak station Rensselaer
Website www.jaspercountyin.gov
  • Indiana county number 37
Demographics (2010)
White Black Asian
95.8% 0.6% 0.4%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 0.2% 3.0% 5.4%

Jasper County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 33,478. The county seat is Rensselaer.

Jasper County is included in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Jasper County was formed in 1838. It was named for Sgt. William Jasper, a famous scout for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Jasper became famous in 1776, during the bombardment of Fort Moultrie, for erecting a new flagstaff under fire after the American flag had been shot down. Jasper was killed during the Siege of Savannah in 1779. Jasper County's twin county, Newton County, was named after Jasper's friend and comrade, John Newton.

The Civil War

As early as 1825, the majority of the population were against slavery. By the time the federal government declared war, Jasper County was one of the few counties of Indiana that had a military organization under the law of 1855. The Civil War greatly affected Jasper County when they enlisted 935 soldiers on behalf of the Union. This large amount was considered an impressive amount at the time with the average population centered around 5,000 people. Although there were several companies from Indiana, the 9th Indiana Infantry Regiment produced Robert H. Milroy, the "Gray Eagle of the Army". Milroy became famous for suppressing Confederate mountain rangers, which caused the Confederate Congress to declare a $100,000 bounty on his head. The 9th Indiana Infantry Regiment later became known for its involvement in the Battle of Philippi, one of the earliest battles of the Civil War at Laurel Hill (now known as Laurel Mountain). In comparing the proportions of men able to fight, Indiana contributed more soldiers than any other state to the Union.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 561.39 square miles (1,454.0 km2), of which 559.62 square miles (1,449.4 km2) (or 99.68%) is land and 1.76 square miles (4.6 km2) (or 0.31%) is water. Until the middle of the 19th century when it was drained to make farmland, this county was part of the 2nd largest freshwater wetland in the US, with abundant flora and fauna. This is caused by the Iroquois River. The Iroquois River is one of the main tributaries of the Kankakee River and flows throughout Jasper County. This allowed it to act as a major water source for the community.

Major highways

  • I-65.svg Interstate 65
  • US 24.svg U.S. Route 24
  • US 231.svg U.S. Route 231
  • Indiana 10.svg Indiana State Road 10
  • Indiana 14.svg Indiana State Road 14
  • Indiana 16.svg Indiana State Road 16
  • Indiana 49.svg Indiana State Road 49
  • Indiana 110.svg Indiana State Road 110
  • Indiana 114.svg Indiana State Road 114

Railroads

  • CSX Transportation
  • Norfolk Southern Railway
  • Toledo, Peoria and Western Railway

Adjacent counties

Municipalities

The municipalities in Jasper County, and their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Townships

The 13 townships of Jasper County, with their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

  • Barkley – 900
  • Carpenter – 1,953
  • Gillam – 640
  • Hanging Grove – 230
  • Jordan – 355
  • Kankakee – 988
  • Keener – 10,110
  • Marion – 7,571
  • Milroy – 276
  • Newton – 811
  • Union – 1,586
  • Walker – 3,663
  • Wheatfield – 4,395

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Rensselaer, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
30
14
 
 
1.7
 
36
19
 
 
3.1
 
47
29
 
 
3.5
 
60
39
 
 
4.2
 
72
50
 
 
4.3
 
81
60
 
 
3.8
 
85
64
 
 
3.5
 
83
61
 
 
3.3
 
76
53
 
 
3
 
64
41
 
 
3.2
 
49
32
 
 
2.7
 
36
21
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Rensselaer have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.67 inches (42 mm) in February to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in June.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,267
1850 3,540 179.4%
1860 4,291 21.2%
1870 6,354 48.1%
1880 9,464 48.9%
1890 11,185 18.2%
1900 14,292 27.8%
1910 13,044 −8.7%
1920 13,961 7.0%
1930 13,388 −4.1%
1940 14,397 7.5%
1950 17,031 18.3%
1960 18,842 10.6%
1970 20,429 8.4%
1980 26,138 27.9%
1990 24,960 −4.5%
2000 30,043 20.4%
2010 33,478 11.4%
Est. 2015 33,470 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,478 people, 12,232 households, and 9,165 families residing in the county. The population density was 59.8 inhabitants per square mile (23.1/km2). There were 13,168 housing units at an average density of 23.5 per square mile (9.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.8% white, 0.6% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 2.0% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.6% were German, 16.5% were Irish, 9.6% were Dutch, 9.3% were English, 6.9% were American, and 6.0% were Polish.

Of the 12,232 households, 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.1% were non-families, and 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 38.0 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $63,842. Males had a median income of $50,984 versus $32,313 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,676. About 7.7% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

The Catholic church is the biggest denomination in the county with 4,341 members, the second largest is the Reformed Church in America with 1,502 members and 2 churches (First Church and American Reformed Church) the third is the United Methodist Church with 1,300 members, the fourth largest is the Christian Reformed Church in North America with 1,013 members in 3 congregations as of 2010.


Jasper County, Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.