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White County, Indiana facts for kids

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White County
White County Courthouse in Monticello
White County Courthouse in Monticello
Map of Indiana highlighting White County
Location within the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Indiana
Founded 1 February 1834 (authorized)
Named for Isaac White
Seat Monticello
Largest city Monticello
Area
 • Total 508.68 sq mi (1,317.5 km2)
 • Land 505.12 sq mi (1,308.3 km2)
 • Water 3.56 sq mi (9.2 km2)  0.70%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
24,133
 • Density 47.8/sq mi (18.5/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 4th
Indiana county number 91

White County is a county in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 24,643. The county seat (and only incorporated city) is Monticello.

History

White County was formed in 1834. It was named for Isaac White of Equality, Illinois who was killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. White was a Colonel in the Illinois militia, who volunteered to serve as a Private in the Indiana militia in the march against Prophetstown. He was placed under the command of Kentucky Maj. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss. The two exchanged swords in a demonstration of mutual respect at Fort Vincennes. In the Battle of Tippecanoe they died together and were buried in a common grave at Battle Ground.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 508.68 square miles (1,317.5 km2), of which 505.12 square miles (1,308.3 km2) (or 99.30%) is land and 3.56 square miles (9.2 km2) (or 0.70%) is water.

Adjacent counties

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Townships

  • Big Creek
  • Cass
  • Honey Creek
  • Jackson
  • Liberty
  • Lincoln
  • Monon
  • Prairie
  • Princeton
  • Round Grove
  • Union
  • West Point

Major highways

  • I-65.svg Interstate 65
  • US 24.svg U.S. Route 24
  • US 231.svg U.S. Route 231
  • US 421.svg U.S. Route 421
  • Indiana 16.svg Indiana State Road 16
  • Indiana 18.svg Indiana State Road 18
  • Indiana 39.svg Indiana State Road 39
  • Indiana 43.svg Indiana State Road 43
  • Indiana 119.svg Indiana State Road 119

Railroads

  • CSX Transportation
  • Toledo, Peoria and Western Railway

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Monticello, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
33
17
 
 
1.9
 
39
21
 
 
2.9
 
51
31
 
 
3.5
 
64
40
 
 
3.9
 
74
50
 
 
4.1
 
83
60
 
 
4.2
 
86
63
 
 
4
 
84
61
 
 
2.9
 
78
53
 
 
2.7
 
66
42
 
 
3.1
 
51
33
 
 
2.7
 
38
23
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Monticello have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1963 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.94 inches (49 mm) in February to 4.16 inches (106 mm) in July.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,832
1850 4,761 159.9%
1860 8,258 73.5%
1870 10,554 27.8%
1880 13,795 30.7%
1890 15,671 13.6%
1900 19,138 22.1%
1910 17,602 −8.0%
1920 17,351 −1.4%
1930 15,831 −8.8%
1940 17,037 7.6%
1950 18,042 5.9%
1960 19,709 9.2%
1970 20,995 6.5%
1980 23,867 13.7%
1990 23,265 −2.5%
2000 25,267 8.6%
2010 24,643 −2.5%
Est. 2018 24,133 −2.1%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 24,643 people, 9,741 households, and 6,849 families in the county. The population density was 48.8 inhabitants per square mile (18.8/km2). There were 12,970 housing units at an average density of 25.7 per square mile (9.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.9% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 3.7% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were German, 13.3% were Irish, 9.7% were English, and 8.4% were American.

Of the 9,741 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.7% were non-families, and 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 41.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $52,626. Males had a median income of $39,715 versus $28,880 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,323. About 7.7% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public schools in White County are administered by the Frontier School Corporation, North White School Corporation, Tri-County School Corporation and Twin Lakes School Corporation.

High Schools and Middle Schools

  • Tri-County Middle/Senior High School [1]
  • Frontier Junior-Senior High School [2]
  • North White High School [3]
  • North White Middle School [4]
  • Roosevelt Middle School [5]
  • Twin Lakes High School [6]

Elementary Schools [7]

  • Eastlawn Elementary School [8]
  • Frontier Elementary School [9]
  • Meadowlawn Elementary School [10]
  • Monon Elementary School [11]
  • Oaklawn Elementary School [12]
  • Tri-County Intermediate School [13]
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