Monticello, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
City of Monticello
City
The Monticello Carnegie Library
The Monticello Carnegie Library
Motto: "Life With A Splash"
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Country United States
State Indiana
County White
Township Union
Area
 • Total 3.69 sq mi (9.56 km2)
 • Land 3.47 sq mi (8.99 km2)
 • Water 0.22 sq mi (0.57 km2)  5.96%
Elevation 679 ft (207 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,378
 • Estimate (2012) 5,342
 • Density 1,549.9/sq mi (598.4/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47960
Area code(s) 574
FIPS code 18-50760
GNIS feature ID 439369
Website http://www.monticelloin.gov

Monticello (/mɒntɪˈsɛl/) is a city in Union Township, White County, Indiana, United States. The population was 5,378 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of White County.

Monticello is known as a tourist destination in north-central Indiana and is home to the Indiana Beach amusement park, Lake Shafer, and Lake Freeman.

Geography

Monticello is located at 40°44′48″N 86°45′55″W / 40.74667°N 86.76528°W / 40.74667; -86.76528 (40.746709, -86.765359).

According to the 2010 census, Monticello has a total area of 3.686 square miles (9.55 km2), of which 3.47 square miles (8.99 km2) (or 94.14%) is land and 0.216 square miles (0.56 km2) (or 5.86%) is water.

James Culbertson Reynolds House
James Culbertson Reynolds House in Monticello is listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 565
1870 887 57.0%
1880 1,193 34.5%
1890 1,518 27.2%
1900 2,107 38.8%
1910 2,168 2.9%
1920 2,536 17.0%
1930 2,331 −8.1%
1940 3,153 35.3%
1950 3,467 10.0%
1960 4,035 16.4%
1970 4,869 20.7%
1980 5,162 6.0%
1990 5,237 1.5%
2000 5,723 9.3%
2010 5,378 −6.0%
Est. 2015 5,322 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,378 people, 2,179 households, and 1,319 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,549.9 inhabitants per square mile (598.4/km2). There were 2,457 housing units at an average density of 708.1 per square mile (273.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.8% White or European American, 0.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 5.5% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.5% of the population.

There were 2,179 households of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.5% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.99.

The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 23.6% were from 45 to 64; and 21.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,723 people, 2,268 households, and 1,417 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,047.9 people per square mile (792.0/km²). There were 2,414 housing units at an average density of 863.8 per square mile (334.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.39% White, 0.28% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 5.96% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.22% of the population.

There were 2,268 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,537, and the median income for a family was $42,831. Males had a median income of $30,478 versus $19,511 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,066. About 4.8% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

History

Monticello was laid out in 1834 as the county seat, with a post office established that year, and is still currently in operation. The city was named after President Thomas Jefferson's estate in Virginia.

Monticello church damages 1974 Super Outbreak
Destroyed Presbyterian Church following the Super Outbreak

Monticello, Indiana sustained serious damage by a tornado on April 3, 1974, part of the 1974 Super Outbreak that caused death and destruction across the midwest and south. The aftermath of this storm is recorded in the Herald Journal's book, Killer Tornado. The tornado was classified as an F4 on the Fujita scale. This storm killed eight people and was part of tornado family that killed 18, causing an estimated $100 million in damage. In the immediate aftermath of the storm, news outlets reported three hundred deaths across the United States and the creation of temporary morgues. The local paper said the aftermath was similar to a World War II bombing.

On September 2, 2005, Jordan Manufacturing burned down. The company manufactured outdoor furniture such as folding chairs, umbrellas, and seat cushions. Due to the materials used in making these products, four city blocks were contaminated with toxins. The blaze was large enough to require firefighters from seven surrounding communities to battle it and needed approximately "3000 gallons of water per minute for the first three hours of the blaze." While such a fire might not be a big event for a larger city, it had a profound impact on Monticello, as Jordan Manufacturing was one of the few manufacturing plants left in the city after a recession in the 2000s.

The Monticello Carnegie Library, James Culbertson Reynolds House, and South Grade School Building are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Twin Lakes School Corporation

Twin Lakes School Corporation is the school system in Monticello. The Schools are Eastlawn (elementary), Oaklawn (elementary), Meadowlawn (elementary), Roosevelt Middle School, and Twin Lakes High School. Woodlawn Elementary School was previously part of the district until it was closed in 2013.

The High School was heavily damaged by the 1974 tornado and had to be rebuilt. Students resumed classes in local churches and then in portable units erected near the location of the high school until reconstruction could be completed.

Tourism

Monticello's location between Lakes Shafer and Freeman and the proximity of Indiana Beach allow for a thriving tourism industry that plays a significant role in the city's economy. Although recreational options are geared primarily towards summer activities, the lakes are used throughout the year for fishing. Golfing and boating are available as three season sports. Additionally, Monticello has areas for cross country skiing, snowmobiling and ice skating in the winter.


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