Tippecanoe County, Indiana facts for kids
|Tippecanoe County, Indiana|
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 1, 1826|
503.24 sq mi (1,303 km²)
499.81 sq mi (1,295 km²)
3.44 sq mi (9 km²), 0.68%
346/sq mi (133.48/km²)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
|Named for: Kethtippecanoogi ("Place of the Succor Fish People" in Miami)|
|Indiana county number 79|
Tippecanoe County is a county located in the northwest quadrant of the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 172,780. The county seat is Lafayette. It was created in 1826 from Wabash County.
Tippecanoe County is part of the Lafayette, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Tippecanoe County was formed March 1, 1826, and named for the anglicization of "Kethtippecanoogi", a Miami people term meaning "place of the succor fish people." (Kriebel, Robert C. - Tippecanoe at 2000: A Hoosier County Recalls Its Past). The county is best known for Purdue University, the 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, and the Tippecanoe County Courthouse, a structure built in 1881 and included in the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 503.24 square miles (1,303.4 km2), of which 499.81 square miles (1,294.5 km2) (or 99.32%) is land and 3.44 square miles (8.9 km2) (or 0.68%) is water.
- White County (north)
- Carroll County (northeast)
- Clinton County (east)
- Montgomery County (south)
- Fountain County (southwest)
- Warren County (west)
- Benton County (northwest)
Other unincorporated places
- Chauncey (consolidated into West Lafayette)
- Fulton (absorbed by Lafayette)
- Granville (aka Weaton)
- Harrisonville (consolidated into Battle Ground)
- Kingston (consolidated into West Lafayette)
- Linwood (absorbed by Lafayette)
- Little Chicago
- Monitor (formerly Cynthyana)
- New Market
- North Crane
- Oakland (absorbed by Lafayette)
- Polk-White Corners
- South Raub
- Sugar Grove
- Wheeler's Grove
Climate and weather
|Weather chart for Lafayette, Indiana|
|temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel
In recent years, temperatures in Lafayette have ranged from an average low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.58 inches (40 mm) inches in February to 4.24 inches (108 mm) inches in June.
- Interstate 65
- U.S. Route 52
- U.S. Route 231
- Indiana State Road 25
- Indiana State Road 26
- Indiana State Road 28
- Indiana State Road 38
- Indiana State Road 43
- Indiana State Road 225
Three different railroad lines intersect in Tippecanoe County, all running through the Lafayette area. CSX Transportation operates a north-south line; Norfolk Southern Railway operates a southwest-to-northeast line, and the Kankakee, Beaverville and Southern Railroad operates a daily-service line running from the northwest to the southeast.
The county contains one public-use airport: Purdue University Airport (LAF) in West Lafayette, Indiana.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 172,780 people, 65,532 households, and 37,003 families residing in the county. The population density was 345.7 inhabitants per square mile (133.5/km2). There were 71,096 housing units at an average density of 142.2 per square mile (54.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.0% white, 6.2% Asian, 4.0% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 3.3% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.5% were German, 13.9% were Irish, 10.8% were English, and 6.1% were American.
Of the 65,532 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.5% were non-families, and 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age was 27.7 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $60,367. Males had a median income of $45,018 versus $31,995 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,203. About 10.3% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
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