Tippecanoe County, Indiana facts for kids

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Tippecanoe County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Tippecanoe County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded March 1, 1826
Seat Lafayette
Largest City Lafayette
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

503.24 sq mi (1,303 km²)
499.81 sq mi (1,295 km²)
3.44 sq mi (9 km²), 0.68%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

172,780
346/sq mi (133.48/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: https://www.tippecanoe.in.gov/
Named for: Kethtippecanoogi ("Place of the Succor Fish People" in Miami)
Indiana county number 79

Tippecanoe County is a county located in the northwest quadrant of the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 172,780. The county seat is Lafayette. It was created in 1826 from Wabash County.

Tippecanoe County is part of the Lafayette, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Tippecanoe County was formed March 1, 1826, and named for the anglicization of "Kethtippecanoogi", a Miami people term meaning "place of the succor fish people." (Kriebel, Robert C. - Tippecanoe at 2000: A Hoosier County Recalls Its Past). The county is best known for Purdue University, the 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, and the Tippecanoe County Courthouse, a structure built in 1881 and included in the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 503.24 square miles (1,303.4 km2), of which 499.81 square miles (1,294.5 km2) (or 99.32%) is land and 3.44 square miles (8.9 km2) (or 0.68%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Communities

Lafayette skyline from West Lafayette
The county courthouse and nearby buildings along the Wabash River in Lafayette and West Lafayette
Battle Ground, Indiana
The view northeast into the town of Battle Ground

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Extinct

  • Archerville
  • Beeville
  • Chauncey (consolidated into West Lafayette)
  • Corwin
  • Columbus
  • Cincinnatus
  • Clarksburg
  • Cleveland
  • Conroe
  • Erie
  • Florentine
  • Fulton (absorbed by Lafayette)
  • Gerard
  • Granville (aka Weaton)
  • Heath
  • Harrisonville (consolidated into Battle Ground)
  • Kingston (consolidated into West Lafayette)
  • LaGrange
  • Linwood (absorbed by Lafayette)
  • Little Chicago
  • Monitor (formerly Cynthyana)
  • New Market
  • North Crane
  • Oakland (absorbed by Lafayette)
  • Ouiatenon
  • Polk-White Corners
  • Prairieville
  • Sidney
  • South Raub
  • Sugar Grove
  • Sunberry
  • Texas
  • Wheeler's Grove
  • Wyandot
  • Yorktown

Townships

South Raub, Indiana Train
A freight train approaches the town of South Raub on the border of Randolph and Wea Townships.
  • Fairfield
  • Jackson
  • Lauramie
  • Perry
  • Randolph
  • Sheffield
  • Shelby
  • Tippecanoe
  • Union
  • Wabash
  • Washington
  • Wayne
  • Wea

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Lafayette, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.8
 
33
17
 
 
1.6
 
39
22
 
 
2.9
 
50
31
 
 
3.5
 
62
40
 
 
3.9
 
74
51
 
 
4.2
 
83
60
 
 
3.8
 
86
65
 
 
3.9
 
84
63
 
 
2.7
 
78
55
 
 
2.6
 
66
43
 
 
2.8
 
51
34
 
 
2.6
 
38
23
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, temperatures in Lafayette have ranged from an average low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.58 inches (40 mm) inches in February to 4.24 inches (108 mm) inches in June.

Transportation

Highways

  • I-65.svg Interstate 65
  • US 52.svg U.S. Route 52
  • US 231.svg U.S. Route 231
  • Indiana 25.svg Indiana State Road 25
  • Indiana 26.svg Indiana State Road 26
  • Indiana 28.svg Indiana State Road 28
  • Indiana 38.svg Indiana State Road 38
  • Indiana 43.svg Indiana State Road 43
  • Indiana 225.svg Indiana State Road 225

Railroads

Three different railroad lines intersect in Tippecanoe County, all running through the Lafayette area. CSX Transportation operates a north-south line; Norfolk Southern Railway operates a southwest-to-northeast line, and the Kankakee, Beaverville and Southern Railroad operates a daily-service line running from the northwest to the southeast.

Airport

The county contains one public-use airport: Purdue University Airport (LAF) in West Lafayette, Indiana.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 7,187
1840 13,724 91.0%
1850 19,377 41.2%
1860 25,726 32.8%
1870 33,515 30.3%
1880 35,966 7.3%
1890 35,078 −2.5%
1900 38,659 10.2%
1910 40,063 3.6%
1920 42,813 6.9%
1930 47,535 11.0%
1940 51,020 7.3%
1950 74,473 46.0%
1960 89,122 19.7%
1970 109,378 22.7%
1980 121,702 11.3%
1990 130,598 7.3%
2000 148,955 14.1%
2010 172,780 16.0%
Est. 2015 185,826 7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 172,780 people, 65,532 households, and 37,003 families residing in the county. The population density was 345.7 inhabitants per square mile (133.5/km2). There were 71,096 housing units at an average density of 142.2 per square mile (54.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.0% white, 6.2% Asian, 4.0% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 3.3% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.5% were German, 13.9% were Irish, 10.8% were English, and 6.1% were American.

Of the 65,532 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.5% were non-families, and 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age was 27.7 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $60,367. Males had a median income of $45,018 versus $31,995 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,203. About 10.3% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.


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