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Dayton, Indiana
Location of Dayton in Tippecanoe County, Indiana.
Location of Dayton in Tippecanoe County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Tippecanoe
Township Sheffield
Founded 1827
 • Type Incorporated town
 • Total 1.14 sq mi (2.96 km2)
 • Land 1.14 sq mi (2.96 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
676 ft (206 m)
 • Total 1,330
 • Density 1,163.60/sq mi (449.26/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-17002
GNIS feature ID 433370

Dayton is a town in Sheffield Township, Tippecanoe County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 1,420 at the 2010 census.

It is part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Dayton was known as Fairfield until 1830. The Dayton post office has been in operation since 1831.

Dayton Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.


Dayton is located at 40°22′28″N 86°46′10″W / 40.37444°N 86.76944°W / 40.37444; -86.76944 (40.374579, -86.769379) in Sheffield Township, at an elevation of 676 feet (206 m).

According to the 2010 census, Dayton has a total area of 1.06 square miles (2.75 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 385
1880 376 −2.3%
1980 781
1990 996 27.5%
2000 1,120 12.4%
2010 1,420 26.8%
2020 1,330 −6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,420 people, 536 households, and 398 families living in the town. The population density was 1,339.6 inhabitants per square mile (517.2/km2). There were 565 housing units at an average density of 533.0 per square mile (205.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.4% White, 0.9% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.6% of the population.

There were 536 households, of which 41.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.7% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the town was 32 years. 29.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.3% were from 25 to 44; 22.5% were from 45 to 64; and 8.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

Dayton Memorial Presbyterian
Memorial Presbyterian Church on Walnut Street.
Dayton Indiana Castle Hall
Dayton's historic district is listed on the National Register of Historic Places


  • Shannon Hoon of the band Blind Melon was born and raised in the area around Dayton and is buried in Dayton Cemetery on the east edge of town.
  • Dayton is the subject of a Lefty Hazmat song of the same name.
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