West Lafayette, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
West Lafayette, Indiana
City
West Lafayette Public Library, with Purdue campus skyline in background
West Lafayette Public Library, with Purdue campus skyline in background
Nickname(s): West Side
Tippecanoe County Indiana Incorporated and Unincorporated areas West Lafayette Highlighted.svg
Country United States
State Indiana
County Tippecanoe
Township Wabash
Incorporated 1888
Area
 • City 7.63 sq mi (19.76 km2)
 • Land 7.62 sq mi (19.74 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
 • Metro 904.6 sq mi (2,343 km2)
Elevation 614 ft (187 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 29,596
 • Estimate (2014) 32,109
 • Density 3,884.0/sq mi (1,499.6/km2)
 • Metro 182,821
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47906
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-82862
GNIS feature ID 445775
Website http://www.city.west-lafayette.in.us/
Chauncey.village2011
Chauncey Village

West Lafayette /ˌwɛst ˌlɑːfiˈɛt/ is a city in Wabash Township, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the state capital of Indianapolis and 103 miles (166 km) southeast of Chicago. West Lafayette is directly across the Wabash River from its sister city, Lafayette. As of the 2010 census, its population was 29,796. It is the most densely populated city in Indiana and is home to Purdue University.

History

Augustus Wylie laid out a town in 1836 in the Wabash River floodplain south of the present Levee. Due to regular flooding of the site, Wylie's town was never built. The present city was formed in 1888 by the merger of the adjacent suburban towns of Chauncey, Oakwood, and Kingston, located on a bluff across the Wabash River from Lafayette, Indiana. The three towns had been small suburban villages which were directly adjacent to one another. Kingston was laid out in 1855 by Jesse B. Lutz. Chauncey was platted in 1860 by the Chauncey family of Philadelphia, wealthy land speculators. Chauncey and Kingston formed a municipal government in 1866 which selected the name "Chauncey".

The new town of Chauncey remained a small suburban village until Purdue University opened in 1869. In 1871 Chauncey voted to be annexed by Lafayette because it was unable to provide the infrastructure (such as improved streets, waterworks, police and fire protection). Lafayette voted against annexing Chauncey because of the high cost of the many improvements that the village lacked. In May 1888, the town of Chauncey voted to change its name to West Lafayette after a petition signed by 152 electors. By that time, the growth of the university was fueling the growth of the little town. The address of Purdue University was given as "Lafayette, Indiana" until well into the twentieth century. West Lafayette never gained a railroad depot and lagged several years behind Lafayette in the establishment of municipal infrastructure and services. Today, West Lafayette has established itself as a separate city, with independent services and unique neighborhoods distinct from those of its sister city, Lafayette.

In November 2013, the City of West Lafayette approved an annexation that placed much of the Purdue University academic campus and residence hall system within the official boundaries of the municipality for the first time. This expansion also included a large section of the US Highway 231 corridor that was previously part of unincorporated Tippecanoe County.

Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity House, Jesse Andrew House, Chauncey-Stadium Avenues Historic District, John E. and Catherine E. Christian House, Curtis-Grace House, Happy Hollow Heights Historic District, Hills and Dales Historic District, Morton School, and The Varsity are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Lafayette.sunset.2011
Sunrise over Lafayette and West Lafayette
ChaunceyLibrary
West Lafayette Public Library at night

Non-Profits

The city of West Lafayette has its fair share of non-profits, many of whom are committed to preserving the arts. Organizations like the Tippecanoe Arts Federation (TAF) has a mission to 'grow the arts' [1] Other organizations such as the International Center of West Lafayette helps them to achieve this goal by being a member organization of TAF.

Geography

West Lafayette lies in central Tippecanoe County and overlooks the Wabash River, which borders the city on the east and south. Most of the city lies in eastern Wabash Township, though a small portion on the northeast side extends into Tippecanoe Township. Elevations range from slightly over 500 feet (150 m) near the river to more than 720 feet (220 m) in northern parts of the city near U.S. Route 52.

According to the 2010 census, West Lafayette has a total area of 7.63 square miles (19.76 km2), of which 7.62 square miles (19.74 km2) (or 99.87%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) (or 0.13%) is water.

Climate data for West Lafayette, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(20.6)
73
(22.8)
86
(30)
89
(31.7)
94
(34.4)
105
(40.6)
105
(40.6)
100
(37.8)
98
(36.7)
92
(33.3)
78
(25.6)
73
(22.8)
105
(40.6)
Average high °F (°C) 34
(1.1)
39
(3.9)
50
(10)
63
(17.2)
73
(22.8)
83
(28.3)
85
(29.4)
84
(28.9)
78
(25.6)
65
(18.3)
51
(10.6)
38
(3.3)
61.9
(16.62)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(-7.2)
23
(-5)
31
(-0.6)
41
(5)
51
(10.6)
61
(16.1)
64
(17.8)
63
(17.2)
55
(12.8)
44
(6.7)
34
(1.1)
23
(-5)
42.4
(5.79)
Record low °F (°C) −23
(-30.6)
−20
(-28.9)
−3
(-19.4)
7
(-13.9)
25
(-3.9)
35
(1.7)
43
(6.1)
37
(2.8)
29
(-1.7)
19
(-7.2)
6
(-14.4)
−16
(-26.7)
−23
(-30.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.86
(47.2)
1.84
(46.7)
2.67
(67.8)
3.54
(89.9)
4.19
(106.4)
4.10
(104.1)
3.97
(100.8)
3.46
(87.9)
2.66
(67.6)
2.89
(73.4)
2.97
(75.4)
2.51
(63.8)
36.66
(931.2)
Snowfall inches (cm) 6.5
(16.5)
4.8
(12.2)
2.9
(7.4)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
0.8
(2)
5.2
(13.2)
21.2
(53.8)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.6 7.7 10.2 10.9 10.6 10.4 8.9 8.4 7.6 8.3 9.8 10.1 112.5
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.3 3.3 1.7 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.9 3.5 15.1
Source #1: The Weather Channel (January record high)
Source #2: NOAA: Lafayette

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 717
1890 1,242 73.2%
1900 2,302 85.3%
1910 3,867 68.0%
1920 3,830 −1.0%
1930 5,095 33.0%
1940 6,270 23.1%
1950 11,873 89.4%
1960 12,680 6.8%
1970 19,157 51.1%
1980 21,247 10.9%
1990 25,907 21.9%
2000 28,778 11.1%
2010 42,010 46.0%
Est. 2015 45,550 8.4%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 29,796 people, 11,945 households, and 4,072 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,884.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,499.6/km2). There were 12,591 housing units at an average density of 1,652.4 per square mile (638.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 65.2% White, 6.8% African American, 0.1% Native American, 17.3% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.6% of the population.

There were 11,945 households of which 16.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.2% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 65.9% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 22.8 years. 11.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 49.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.4% were from 25 to 44; 11.7% were from 45 to 64; and 8.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.2% male and 45.8% female.

Following the 2010 census, West Lafayette annexed additional territory including the Purdue University main campus. The census bureau released an updated report to reflect the boundary updates. The census now reports 14,053 households and a population of 42,010.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 28,778 people, 10,462 households, and 3,588 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,219.6 people per square mile (2,016.6/km2). There were 10,819 housing units at an average density of 1,962.3 per square mile (758.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.3% White, 11.3% Asian, 5.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.2% of the population.

There were 10,462 households out of which 14.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.6% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 65.7% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out with 10.4% under the age of 18, 54.6% from 18 to 24, 16.9% from 25 to 44, 10.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 133.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 137.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,869, and the median income for a family was $71,510. Males had a median income of $46,787 versus $30,218 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,337. About 9.5% of families and 38.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Triple XXX Family Restaurant
The XXX Family Restaurant, "On the hill, but on the level."
Harry's Chocolate Shop
Harry's Chocolate Shop near campus

Public transportation in West Lafayette is managed by the Greater Lafayette Public Transportation Corporation.

Airports

  • Purdue University Airport

Highways

Railroads

  • Amtrak (Lafayette station)
  • CSX Transportation
  • Kankakee, Beaverville and Southern Railroad
  • Norfolk Southern Railway

Bus service

Points of interest

PAO.sidewinder2011
"Sidewinder" sculpture at Purdue's Pao Hall
  • Purdue University Horticulture Gardens
  • Fort Ouiatenon, an early French trading post
  • Purdue State Bank, 1914 bank building designed by architect Louis Sullivan
  • Samara (John E. Christian House), a Usonian home designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Celery Bog Nature Area and Lilly Nature Center
    Celery Bog
    Celery Bog Nature Area
  • Purdue Horticulture Park

Images for kids


West Lafayette, Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.