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Battle Ground, Indiana
Battle Ground, Indiana.png
"Historic Site of the Battle of Tippecanoe"
Location of Battle Ground in Tippecanoe County, Indiana.
Location of Battle Ground in Tippecanoe County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Tippecanoe
Township Tippecanoe
Founded 1867
 • Town 1.02 sq mi (2.64 km2)
 • Land 1.02 sq mi (2.64 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
587 ft (179 m)
 • Town 1,838
 • Density 1,801.96/sq mi (695.82/km2)
 • Metro
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-03718
GNIS feature ID 430580

Battle Ground is a town in Tippecanoe Township, Tippecanoe County in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 1,334 at the 2010 census. It is near the site of the Battle of Tippecanoe.

Battle Ground is part of the Lafayette, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.


In the late summer and fall of 1811, William Henry Harrison, then Governor of the Indiana Territory, organized a military expedition against the increasing resistance of the federation of Indian tribes being formed by the Shawnee brothers and chiefs, Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa, also known as the Prophet. With their community of Prophetstown as his objective, General Harrison marched from Vincennes, Indiana, at the head of a small army of about one thousand men.

Battle Ground, Indiana 1878
Battle Ground in 1878.

General Harrison met with representatives of the Prophet on November 6, 1811, when he arrived at Prophetstown. He presented demands in the name of his government. General Harrison was to meet with the Prophet and his council the next day about the demands of the government. General Harrison set up his encampment on a ridge about a mile northwest of Prophet’s Town. Fearing a surprise attack by the Prophet's forces, General Harrison placed his troops in battle formation, instructed his men to sleep fully clothed, and assigned a large detail of men for sentinel duty. On the morning of November 7, 1811, after 4 o’clock AM, the camp was attacked by the Prophet. After a fierce battle, General Harrison and his army defeated the Prophet’s Indian confederation at the Battle of Tippecanoe. This defeat all but ended the Indian wars in the Midwest, especially as Tecumseh was killed in a battle in Canada in 1813.

Battle Ground was consolidated in 1867 with the Town of Harrisonville. The governments of both towns decided to name the consolidation Battle Ground. The Town of Battle Ground was named for the Battle of Tippecanoe and the Town of Harrisonville was named after William Henry Harrison, commander of the American forces of the Battle of Tippecanoe.

The Tippecanoe battlefield monument was erected in 1908 and dedicated to the men who served and were killed in the Battle of Tippecanoe. The Tippecanoe Battlefield has been designated a National Historic Landmark. It includes a museum and recreation area. The Battle of Tippecanoe Outdoor Drama premiered at a nearby amphitheater in Battle Ground in 1989 and played for two summers.

The Battle Ground post office has been in operation since 1835.

Battle Ground Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.


Battle Ground is located at 40°30′36″N 86°50′18″W / 40.51000°N 86.83833°W / 40.51000; -86.83833 (40.510110, -86.838220) in Tippecanoe Township, one and a quarter miles northwest of the Wabash River. Its elevation is approximately 585 feet. The small Harrison Creek begins near Battle Ground and flows east, while Burnett Creek skirts the town's western edge and flows southwest.

According to the 2010 census, Battle Ground has a total area of 0.86 square miles (2.23 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 456
1900 150 −67.1%
1910 443 195.3%
1920 444 0.2%
1930 448 0.9%
1940 506 12.9%
1950 634 25.3%
1960 804 26.8%
1970 818 1.7%
1980 812 −0.7%
1990 806 −0.7%
2000 1,323 64.1%
2010 1,334 0.8%
2020 1,838 37.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,334 people, 500 households, and 378 families living in the town. The population density was 1,533.3 inhabitants per square mile (592.0/km2). There were 530 housing units at an average density of 609.2 per square mile (235.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.2% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 500 households, of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.4% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the town was 38.1 years. 27.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 31.6% were from 45 to 64; and 9.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

Notable person

  • General David M. Shoup, (1904-1983), Commandant of the Marine Corps, 1960-1963

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Battle Ground (Indiana) para niños

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