Carroll County, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Carroll County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Carroll County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1828
Seat Delphi
Largest City Delphi
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

375.02 sq mi (971 km²)
372.22 sq mi (964 km²)
2.80 sq mi (7 km²), 0.75%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

20,155
54/sq mi (21/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.carrollcountyindiana.com
Named for: Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Indiana county number 8

Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 20,155. The county seat is Delphi.

Carroll County is part of the Lafayette, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Carroll County was formed in 1828 and named for Charles Carroll, the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, who died in 1832. The county seat of Delphi was established the same year by General Samuel Milroy. The Wabash and Erie Canal, built through the county in 1840 and operating until the early 1870s, is among the county's most significant historical legacies.

Courthouse

The current Carroll County courthouse was designed by Elmer E. Dunlap of Indianapolis, who also designed the Spencer County courthouse. It was constructed by A. E. Kemmer at a cost of about $250,000 from 1916 to 1917. The exterior is understated, but the interior is surprisingly elaborate, including a stained glass dome over a mosaic tile floor.

This building is the county's third courthouse. The first was built in 1831-1838. It was replaced by a brick structure in 1856; this building was designed by M. J. McBird of Logansport and had a tower at each corner, including a clock tower. The 730-pound bell from the first courthouse was made in Cincinnati in 1836 and given by Sheriff Samuel Davis Gresham, and was used in the second courthouse until 1916. While the bell was in transit to Lafayette by boat, the boat sank; the bell was later recovered from the Ohio River. It was later sold, but was returned to Carroll County in 1967.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 375.02 square miles (971.3 km2), of which 372.22 square miles (964.0 km2) (or 99.25%) is land and 2.80 square miles (7.3 km2) (or 0.75%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Unincorporated towns

Extinct towns

Townships

Carroll County, Indiana cloudscape
Rainbow-fringed clouds above a farm and soybean fields in rural Jackson Township.
  • Adams
  • Burlington
  • Carrollton
  • Clay
  • Deer Creek
  • Democrat
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Liberty
  • Madison
  • Monroe
  • Rock Creek
  • Tippecanoe
  • Washington

Major highways

  • US 421.svg U.S. Route 421
  • Indiana 18.svg Indiana State Road 18
  • Indiana 22.svg Indiana State Road 22
  • Indiana 25.svg Indiana State Road 25
  • Indiana 29.svg Indiana State Road 29
  • Indiana 39.svg Indiana State Road 39
  • Indiana 75.svg Indiana State Road 75
  • Indiana 218.svg Indiana State Road 218

Railroads

  • Norfolk Southern Railway
  • Winamac Southern Railway

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Delphi, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
33
17
 
 
1.9
 
39
21
 
 
2.9
 
51
31
 
 
3.5
 
64
40
 
 
3.9
 
74
50
 
 
4.1
 
83
60
 
 
4.2
 
86
63
 
 
4
 
84
61
 
 
2.9
 
78
53
 
 
2.7
 
66
42
 
 
3.1
 
51
33
 
 
2.7
 
38
23
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Delphi have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1963 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.94 inches (49 mm) in February to 4.16 inches (106 mm) in July.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,611
1840 7,819 385.4%
1850 11,015 40.9%
1860 13,489 22.5%
1870 16,152 19.7%
1880 18,345 13.6%
1890 20,021 9.1%
1900 19,953 −0.3%
1910 17,970 −9.9%
1920 16,315 −9.2%
1930 15,049 −7.8%
1940 15,410 2.4%
1950 16,010 3.9%
1960 16,934 5.8%
1970 17,734 4.7%
1980 19,722 11.2%
1990 18,809 −4.6%
2000 20,165 7.2%
2010 20,155 0.0%
Est. 2015 19,856 −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,155 people, 7,900 households, and 5,678 families residing in the county. The population density was 54.1 inhabitants per square mile (20.9/km2). There were 9,472 housing units at an average density of 25.4 per square mile (9.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 1.7% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 29.7% were German, 14.7% were American, 12.6% were Irish, and 8.8% were English.

Of the 7,900 households, 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.1% were non-families, and 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 40.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $60,420. Males had a median income of $46,241 versus $29,541 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,163. About 6.1% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.


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