Benton County, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Benton County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Benton County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 18, 1840
Seat Fowler
Largest Fowler
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

406.51 sq mi (1,053 km²)
406.42 sq mi (1,053 km²)
0.09 sq mi (0 km²), 0.02%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

8,854
22/sq mi (8.41/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.bentoncounty.in.gov/
Named for: Senator Thomas H. Benton
 
  • Indiana county number 4
  • Responsible for most of Indiana's wind-produced electricity

Benton County is located in the northwest part of the U.S. state of Indiana, along the border with Illinois. As of 2010, the county's population was 8,854. It contains six incorporated towns as well as several small unincorporated settlements; it is also divided into 11 townships which provide local services. The county seat is Fowler.

Benton County is part of the Lafayette, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Fowler Ridge Wind Farm 2621903424 5fef77292d o
Wind turbines in Benton County from U.S. 52

History

Benton County was formed February 18, 1840. It is named for Thomas H. Benton (D), U.S. Senator from Missouri. The original county seat selected in 1843 was Oxford, but after a long struggle between contending factions it was moved to Fowler in 1874.

Courthouse

The current Benton County courthouse, located in Fowler, was designed by Gordon P. Randall of Chicago and built in 1874 by Levi L. Leach at a cost of $62,257. The new courthouse was an impressive building from an architectural standpoint, but also provided much-needed improvements in security, including large fire-proof vaults. Randall had designed the Marshall County courthouse a few years earlier.

Geography

Map of Benton County, Indiana
Map of Benton County, showing townships and settlements

Benton County's western border is shared with the state of Illinois and Iroquois County; Vermilion County is to the southwest and shares a small portion of Benton County's border. Newton and Jasper counties lie to the north, with White and Tippecanoe counties to the east. The entire southern border is shared with Warren County.

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 406.51 square miles (1,052.9 km2), of which 406.42 square miles (1,052.6 km2) (or 99.98%) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) (or 0.02%) is water.

Cities and towns

Unincorporated towns

Extinct towns

Townships

  • Bolivar
  • Center
  • Gilboa
  • Grant
  • Hickory Grove
  • Oak Grove
  • Parish Grove
  • Pine
  • Richland
  • Union
  • York

Major highways

  • US 52.svg U.S. Route 52
  • US 41.svg U.S. Route 41
  • Indiana 18.svg State Road 18
  • Indiana 55.svg State Road 55
  • Indiana 71.svg State Road 71
  • Indiana 352.svg State Road 352

Railroads

  • Bee Line Railroad
  • Kankakee, Beaverville and Southern Railroad

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Fowler, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.7
 
30
13
 
 
1.6
 
35
17
 
 
3.2
 
47
27
 
 
3.6
 
60
38
 
 
4.2
 
72
49
 
 
4.5
 
81
59
 
 
3.7
 
84
62
 
 
3
 
82
59
 
 
2.6
 
77
51
 
 
3
 
64
39
 
 
3
 
48
30
 
 
2.5
 
35
19
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Fowler have ranged from a low of 13 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 99 °F (37 °C) was recorded in July 1995. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.59 inches (40 mm) in February to 4.50 inches (114 mm) in June.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,144
1860 2,809 145.5%
1870 5,615 99.9%
1880 11,108 97.8%
1890 11,903 7.2%
1900 13,123 10.2%
1910 12,688 −3.3%
1920 12,206 −3.8%
1930 11,886 −2.6%
1940 11,117 −6.5%
1950 11,462 3.1%
1960 11,912 3.9%
1970 11,262 −5.5%
1980 10,218 −9.3%
1990 9,441 −7.6%
2000 9,421 −0.2%
2010 8,854 −6.0%
Est. 2015 8,681 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,854 people, 3,479 households, and 2,388 families residing in the county. The population density was 21.8 inhabitants per square mile (8.4/km2). There were 3,937 housing units at an average density of 9.7 per square mile (3.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.9% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 2.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.4% were German, 17.0% were Irish, 11.3% were American, and 8.7% were English.

Of the 3,479 households, 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age was 40.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $58,661. Males had a median income of $40,234 versus $27,957 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,949. About 7.6% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.


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