In the United States, the term civil township is used for a form of goverment below the county level. In some places, the name town is used instead. About twenty states use the term civil township.
Madison Township Hall in Madison Township, Richland County, Ohio
Map of Cattaraugus County, New York showing municipal and township organization
1877 map of Warren County, Indiana. Among its civil townships, only Pine Township exactly matches a survey township with 36 sections.