Lake County, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Lake County, Indiana
County
Former Lake County Courthousein Crown Point, Indiana
Former Lake County Courthouse
in Crown Point, Indiana
Official seal of Lake County, Indiana
Seal
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
Region Northwest Indiana
Metro area Chicago Metropolitan
Settled October 1834
Established February 16, 1837
Named for Lake Michigan
Area
 • County 626.5 sq mi (1,623 km2)
 • Land 498.9 sq mi (1,292 km2)
 • Water 127.6 sq mi (330 km2)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
Area rank 12th largest county in Indiana
 • Region 2,726 sq mi (7,060 km2)
Dimensions
 • Length Expression error: Unexpected < operator. ft (Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m)
 • Width Expression error: Unexpected < operator. ft (Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m)
Elevation(mean) 663 ft (202 m)
Highest elevation– NE Winfield Twp 801 ft (244 m)
Lowest elevation– at Lake Michigan 585 ft (178 m)
Population (2010)
 • County 496,005
 • Estimate (2015) 487,865
 • Rank 2nd largest county in Indiana 131st largest county in U.S.
 • Density 994/sq mi (384/km2)
 • Metro 9,522,434
 • Region 819,537
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes 46303, 46307-08, 46311-12, 46319-25, 46327, 46341-42, 46355-56, 46373, 46375-77, 46394, 46401-11
Area code 219
Congressional district 1st
Indiana Senate districts 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 6th
Indiana House of Representatives districts 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 11th, 12th, 14th, 15th and 19th
FIPS code 18-089
GNIS feature ID 0450495
Interstates

I-65.svg I-80.svg Indiana Toll Road logo 1968.svg I-90.svg I-94.svg


U.S. Routes

US 6.svg US 12.svg US 20.svg US 30.svg US 41.svg US 231.svg


State Routes

Indiana 2.svg Indiana 51.svg Indiana 53.svg Indiana 55.svg
Indiana 130.svg Indiana 152.svg Indiana 312.svg Indiana 912.svg


Airports

Gary/Chicago International
Griffith-Merrillville


Waterways

Grand Calumet River
Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal
Kankakee River
Lake Michigan


Amtrak stations

Dyer – Hammond-Whiting


South Shore Line stations

Hammond – East Chicago
Adam Benjamin Metro Center
Gary/Chicago Airport – Miller


Public transit East Chicago Transit
Gary Public Transportation
Website www.lakecountyin.org
  • Indiana county number 45
  • Second most-populous county in Indiana
Demographics (2010)
White Black Asian
64.4% 25.9% 1.2%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 0.3% 8.2% 16.7%

Lake County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. In 2010, its population was 496,005, making it Indiana's second-most populous county. The county seat is Crown Point.

This county is part of Northwest Indiana and the Chicago metropolitan area, and contains a mix of urban, suburban and rural areas.

It is the home to a portion of the Indiana Dunes and to Marktown, Clayton Mark's planned worker community in East Chicago.

History

Lake County was established on February 16, 1837. From 1832 to 1836 the area that was to become Lake County was part of La Porte County. From 1836 to 1837 it was part of Porter County. It was named for its location on Lake Michigan. The original county seat was Liverpool until Lake Court House, which later became Crown Point, was chosen in 1840.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 626.56 square miles (1,622.8 km2), of which 498.96 square miles (1,292.3 km2) (or 79.63%) is land and 127.60 square miles (330.5 km2) (or 20.37%) is water.

The northern and southern portions of the county (north of U.S. 30 and south of Lowell) are mainly low and flat, except for a few sand ridges and dunes and were both once very marshy and had to be drained. The lowest point, at 585 feet (178 m), is along the Lake Michigan shoreline.

The central part of the county is higher and hillier. As you travel south from the low and relatively flat lake plain in the northern part of the county, the land gradually rises in elevation until the peak of the Valparaiso Moraine. The highest point, at 801 feet (244 m), is in northeastern Winfield Township near 109th Street and North Lakeshore Drive in Lakes of the Four Seasons. From here the land descends south into the Kankakee Outwash Plain until the Kankakee River is reached.

The geographic center of Lake County is approximately 200 feet (61 m) northwest of Burr Street and West 113th Avenue in Center Township .

National protected area

  • Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore – also in LaPorte and Porter counties

Airports

  • Gary/Chicago International Airport
  • Griffith-Merrillville Airport

Major highways

Interstate 65 in Lake County is called the Casimir Pulaski Memorial Highway. Interstate 80/94/US 6 is the Frank Borman Expressway from the Illinois state line east to the Indiana Toll Road interchange in the eastern portion of the county. Interstate 94 has been referred to as the Chicago-Detroit Industrial Freeway. US 6 is part of the Grand Army of the Republic Highway. Broadway (Indiana 53) is also the Carolyn Mosby Memorial Highway. Indiana 51 is known for its entire length as the Adam Benjamin Memorial Highway. US 30 is part of the historic Lincoln Highway. US 12 from Gary eastward is part of Dunes Highway. Cline Avenue (Indiana 912) from US 12 north and westward is known as the Highway Construction Workers Memorial Highway.

  • I-65.svg Interstate 65
  • I-80.svg Interstate 80
  • Indiana Toll Road logo 1968.svg I-90.svg Indiana Toll Road
  • I-94.svg Interstate 94
  • US 6.svg U.S. Route 6
  • US 12.svg U.S. Route 12
  • US 20.svg U.S. Route 20
  • US 30.svg U.S. Route 30
  • US 41.svg U.S. Route 41
  • US 231.svg U.S. Route 231
  • Indiana 2.svg State Road 2
  • Indiana 51.svg State Road 51
  • Indiana 53.svg State Road 53
  • Indiana 55.svg State Road 55
  • Indiana 130.svg State Road 130
  • Indiana 152.svg State Road 152
  • Indiana 312.svg State Road 312
  • Indiana 912.svg State Road 912

Railroads

  • Amtrak
  • Canadian National Railway
  • Chicago, Fort Wayne and Eastern Railroad
  • Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad
  • CSX Transportation
  • Gary Railway
  • Indiana Harbor Belt Railroad
  • Norfolk Southern Railway
  • South Shore Line

Adjacent counties

Municipalities

Error: Image is invalid or non-existent.

The municipalities in Lake County, and their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

The 11 townships of Lake County, with their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

  • Calumet – 104,258
  • Cedar Creek – 12,097
  • Center – 31,756
  • Eagle Creek – 1,668
  • Hanover – 12,443
  • Hobart – 39,417
  • North – 162,855
  • Ross – 47,890
  • St. John – 66,741
  • West Creek – 6,826
  • Winfield – 10,054

Climate and weather

Climate data for Lowell, Indiana (1981-2010 normals, extremes 1963-present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(18.9)
73
(22.8)
85
(29.4)
91
(32.8)
95
(35)
104
(40)
101
(38.3)
104
(40)
98
(36.7)
92
(33.3)
77
(25)
70
(21.1)
104
(-17.8)
Average high °F (°C) 31.2
(-0.44)
35.8
(2.11)
47.5
(8.61)
60.8
(16)
71.3
(21.83)
80.7
(27.06)
83.8
(28.78)
82.0
(27.78)
76.4
(24.67)
63.6
(17.56)
49.4
(9.67)
35.1
(1.72)
59.8
(15.444)
Daily mean °F (°C) 22.8
(-5.11)
26.7
(-2.94)
37.4
(3)
49.3
(9.61)
59.8
(15.44)
69.7
(20.94)
73.1
(22.83)
71.1
(21.72)
64.2
(17.89)
51.9
(11.06)
40.2
(4.56)
27.1
(-2.72)
49.44
(9.69)
Average low °F (°C) 14.4
(-9.78)
17.7
(-7.94)
27.4
(-2.56)
37.9
(3.28)
48.2
(9)
58.7
(14.83)
62.4
(16.89)
60.3
(15.72)
52.0
(11.11)
40.2
(4.56)
31.0
(-0.56)
19.1
(-7.17)
39.11
(3.949)
Record low °F (°C) −28
(-33.3)
−23
(-30.6)
−9
(-22.8)
7
(-13.9)
26
(-3.3)
33
(0.6)
41
(5)
38
(3.3)
28
(-2.2)
18
(-7.8)
2
(-16.7)
−29
(-33.9)
-29
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.96
(49.8)
1.75
(44.5)
2.57
(65.3)
3.78
(96)
4.38
(111.3)
4.69
(119.1)
4
(102)
3.98
(101.1)
3.14
(79.8)
3.44
(87.4)
3.43
(87.1)
2.34
(59.4)
39.46
(1,002.3)
Snowfall inches (cm) 8.8
(22.4)
8.2
(20.8)
3.4
(8.6)
0.3
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
0.7
(1.8)
7.7
(19.6)
29.3
(74.4)
Source: NOAA (normals, 1981–2010)
Lake County, IN
Satellite imagery of Lake County, IN

In recent years, average temperatures in Lowell have ranged from a low of 14.4 °F (−9.8 °C) in January to a high of 83.8 °F (28.8 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.75 inches (44 mm) in February to 4.69 inches (119 mm) in June. Temperatures at or below 0 °F (−18 °C) occur on average 11 days annually and exceed 90 °F (32 °C) degrees on 14 days. In spring and early summer, the immediate shoreline areas sometimes experience lake-breeze that can drop temperatures by several degrees compared to areas further inland. In summer, thunderstorms are common, occurring an average 40–50 days every year, and on about 13 days, these thunderstorms produce severe winds.

Culture and contemporary life

Entertainment and the arts

  • Northwest Indiana Symphony Orchestra – performances at various venues
  • Star Plaza Theatre – Merrillville
  • Theatre at the Center, located at the Center for Visual and Performing Arts – Munster

Major attractions

  • Ameristar Casino – East Chicago
  • Horseshoe Casino – Hammond
  • Majestic Star Casino – Gary
  • Majestic Star Casino II – Gary
  • Pierogi Fest – Whiting
  • Southlake Mall – Hobart
  • Three Floyds Brewing – Munster

Professional sports teams

  • Gary SouthShore RailCats, an American Association professional baseball team, play their games at U.S. Steel Yard in Gary.
  • Gary Splash, an Independent Basketball Association professional basketball team, play their games at the Genesis Convention Center in Gary.

Recreation

List of parks and recreational facilities – Lake County Parks and Recreation
  • Bellaboo's Play and Discovery Center – Lake Station
  • Buckley Homestead – Lowell
  • Cedar Creek Family Golf Center – Cedar Lake
  • Deep River County Park – Hobart
  • Deep River Waterpark – Crown Point
  • Gibson Woods Nature Preserve – Hammond
  • Grand Kankakee Marsh – Hebron
  • Lake Etta – Gary
  • Lemon Lake – Crown Point
  • Oak Ridge Prairie & Oak Savannah Trail – Griffith
  • Stoney Run County Park – Hebron
  • Three Rivers County Park – Lake Station
  • Turkey Creek Golf Course – Merrillville
  • Whihala Beach – Whiting
List of recreational facilities – Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore
  • Calumet Prairie State Nature Preserve – Lake Station
  • Hobart Prairie Grove – Hobart
  • Hoosier Prairie State Nature Preserve – Griffith
  • Paul H. Douglas Center for Environmental Education – Gary

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,468
1850 3,991 171.9%
1860 9,145 129.1%
1870 12,339 34.9%
1880 15,091 22.3%
1890 23,886 58.3%
1900 37,892 58.6%
1910 82,864 118.7%
1920 159,957 93.0%
1930 261,310 63.4%
1940 293,195 12.2%
1950 368,152 25.6%
1960 513,269 39.4%
1970 546,253 6.4%
1980 522,965 −4.3%
1990 475,594 −9.1%
2000 484,564 1.9%
2010 496,005 2.4%
Est. 2015 487,865 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 496,005 people, 188,157 households, and 127,647 families residing in the county. The population density was 994.1 inhabitants per square mile (383.8/km2). There were 208,750 housing units at an average density of 418.4 per square mile (161.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 64.4% white, 25.9% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 5.8% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 16.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 16.1% were German, 11.1% were Irish, 9.6% were Polish, 5.4% were English, and 3.7% were American.

Of the 188,157 households, 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families, and 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.19. The median age was 37.4 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $58,931. Males had a median income of $50,137 versus $33,264 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,142. About 12.2% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.


Lake County, Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.