Crawford County, Indiana facts for kids

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Crawford County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Crawford County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1818
Seat English
Largest town Marengo
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

308.72 sq mi (800 km²)
305.64 sq mi (792 km²)
3.08 sq mi (8 km²), 1.00%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

10,713
35/sq mi (14/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.crawfordcounty.in.gov/
Named for: William H. Crawford
Indiana county number 13

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 10,713. The county seat is English.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 308.72 square miles (799.6 km2), of which 305.64 square miles (791.6 km2) (or 99.00%) is land and 3.08 square miles (8.0 km2) (or 1.00%) is water.

Cities and towns

Unincorporated areas

Townships

  • Boone
  • Jennings
  • Johnson
  • Liberty
  • Ohio
  • Patoka
  • Sterling
  • Union
  • Whiskey Run

Major highways

  • I-64.svg Interstate 64
  • Indiana 37.svg Indiana State Road 37
  • Indiana 62.svg Indiana State Road 62
  • Indiana 64.svg Indiana State Road 64
  • Indiana 66.svg Indiana State Road 66
  • Indiana 145.svg Indiana State Road 145

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Hoosier National Forest (part)

History

Crawford County was formed in 1818. Some say it was named for William H. Crawford, who was U.S. Treasury Secretary in 1818. Others say it was named for Col. William Crawford, who fought in the French and Indian War and Revolutionary War, and who was burned and scalped by Indians in 1782 in what is now Wyandot County, Ohio. The county seat was in Leavenworth for several decades but eventually moved to English.

Climate and weather

Weather chart for English, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.7
 
41
21
 
 
3.5
 
48
24
 
 
4.8
 
59
33
 
 
4.7
 
69
41
 
 
5.1
 
77
49
 
 
4.8
 
85
59
 
 
4.2
 
88
63
 
 
3.9
 
87
61
 
 
3.6
 
81
53
 
 
3.1
 
70
41
 
 
4.4
 
57
34
 
 
4
 
46
25
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in English have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −31 °F (−35 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.13 inches (80 mm) in October to 5.06 inches (129 mm) in May.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,583
1830 3,238 25.4%
1840 5,282 63.1%
1850 6,524 23.5%
1860 8,226 26.1%
1870 9,851 19.8%
1880 12,356 25.4%
1890 13,941 12.8%
1900 13,476 −3.3%
1910 12,057 −10.5%
1920 11,201 −7.1%
1930 10,160 −9.3%
1940 10,171 0.1%
1950 9,289 −8.7%
1960 8,379 −9.8%
1970 8,033 −4.1%
1980 9,820 22.2%
1990 9,914 1.0%
2000 10,743 8.4%
2010 10,713 −0.3%
Est. 2015 10,483 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,713 people, 4,303 households, and 2,991 families residing in the county. The population density was 35.1 inhabitants per square mile (13.6/km2). There were 5,520 housing units at an average density of 18.1 per square mile (7.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.4% white, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.8% were German, 17.4% were Irish, 13.4% were American, and 8.7% were English.

Of the 4,303 households, 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families, and 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 41.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $46,073. Males had a median income of $36,465 versus $26,005 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,598. About 17.4% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.


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