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English, Indiana
The Camp Fork, a stream that has played a destructive role in the community's history
The Camp Fork, a stream that has played a destructive role in the community's history
Location of English in Crawford County, Indiana.
Location of English in Crawford County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Crawford
Township Sterling
 • Total 3.04 sq mi (7.88 km2)
 • Land 3.04 sq mi (7.88 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
505 ft (154 m)
 • Total 685
 • Density 225.03/sq mi (86.89/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-21214
GNIS feature ID 0434203

English is a town in Crawford County, Indiana, United States. It has served as the county seat of Crawford County since 28 December 1893. The population was 645 at the 2010 census, making it one of Indiana's smallest county seats. The settlement was named Hartford (1839-1884) prior to its incorporation.


English is located at 38°20′8″N 86°27′38″W / 38.33556°N 86.46056°W / 38.33556; -86.46056 (38.335626, -86.460564).

According to the 2010 census, English has a total area of 3.04 square miles (7.87 km2), all land.

The town historically was located at the confluence of two small rivers, Bird Dog Creek and Brownville Creek, with the Blue River, Indiana, before the town's relocation.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, English has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 423
1900 649 53.4%
1910 583 −10.2%
1920 576 −1.2%
1930 704 22.2%
1940 757 7.5%
1950 839 10.8%
1960 698 −16.8%
1970 664 −4.9%
1980 633 −4.7%
1990 614 −3.0%
2000 673 9.6%
2010 645 −4.2%
2020 685 6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 645 people, 285 households, and 177 families in the town. The population density was 212.2 inhabitants per square mile (81.9/km2). There were 335 housing units at an average density of 110.2 per square mile (42.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.5% White, 0.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 285 households, of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.9% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the town was 43.6 years. 20.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.4% were from 45 to 64; and 20% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.


English was originally called Hartford when it was laid out in 1839. When the town incorporated in 1884 it was renamed English for William Hayden English, an Indiana politician of the day. On December 28, 1893, the county seat of Crawford County was relocated from Leavenworth to English.

From 1959 to 1990, English suffered six floods. The town council decided that the only solution to the flooding problem was to move the town. 160 acres (0.65 km2) of high ground were purchased, a partnership was formed with Lincoln Hills Development Corporation, and a major portion of the town was relocated. This was the second-largest relocation of a town in US history.


The Crawford County Public Library, one of two lending libraries in the county (the other is Breeden Memorial Library in Leavenworth), is located at English.

Notable people

  • John Franklin Bobbitt, American educator
  • Lee Roberson, founder of Tennessee Temple University in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and gospel preacher.
  • Jerry Sturm, American football player.
  • Frederick Terman, American academician.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: English (Indiana) para niños

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