Monroe County, Indiana facts for kids
|Monroe County, Indiana|
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
411.32 sq mi (1,065 km²)
394.51 sq mi (1,022 km²)
16.81 sq mi (44 km²), 4.09%
350/sq mi (135.08/km²)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
|Named for: James Monroe|
|Indiana county number 53|
Monroe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1910. The population was 137,974 at the 2010 census. The county seat is Bloomington.
Monroe County is part of the Bloomington, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Monroe County was formed in 1818 from portions of Orange County. It was named for James Monroe, fifth President of the United States, who was serving at the time the county was organized.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 411.32 square miles (1,065.3 km2), of which 394.51 square miles (1,021.8 km2) (or 95.91%) is land and 16.81 square miles (43.5 km2) (or 4.09%) is water.
Bodies of water
Monroe County is divided between the basins of the East Fork and West Fork of Indiana's White River. The southern part of the county drains to the East Fork, primarily via Salt Creek and its tributaries, such as Clear Creek (known as "Jordan River" on Indiana University Bloomington campus). The northern part drains to the West Fork.
Several artificial reservoirs have been constructed by damming the county's creeks. The largest of them is Lake Monroe, a large reservoir on the Salt Creek in the south-eastern part of the county, is used both for recreational purposes and to supply the city with drinking water. Until the late 1960s, the main source of water supply was the smaller Lake Lemon (constructed 1953), in the northeastern part of the county; now it's the backup water source, and is mainly used for recreation.
The third in order of size is Griffy Lake, on the northern slope of the county. Constructed in 1924 by damming Griffy Creek, it was Bloomington's main water source until 1954; now it is now primarily used recreationally, although there are arrangements for it to be used as an emergency water source as well. An even smaller Weimer (Wapehani) Lake in the Clear Creek basin was originally constructed for water supply purposes as well, but now is used purely for recreation (fishing).
A number of former limestone quarries in the county are now naturally filled with water, as featured in the 1979 film Breaking Away.
National protected areas
- Hoosier National Forest (part)
- Buckner Cave
- Leonard Springs Nature Park, where the waters of Sinking Creek reappears in springs
Other unincorporated places
- Bean Blossom
- Clear Creek
- Indian Creek
- Salt Creek
- Van Buren
Climate and weather
|Weather chart for Bloomington, Indiana|
|temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel
In recent years, average temperatures in Bloomington have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.66 inches (68 mm) in January to 5.12 inches (130 mm) in May.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 137,974 people, 54,864 households, and 27,315 families residing in the county. The population density was 349.7 inhabitants per square mile (135.0/km2). There were 59,107 housing units at an average density of 149.8 per square mile (57.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.8% white, 5.2% Asian, 3.3% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 1.0% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.8% were German, 13.5% were Irish, 11.8% were English, and 8.1% were American.
Of the 54,864 households, 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.2% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 50.2% were non-families, and 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 27.7 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $60,845. Males had a median income of $43,439 versus $33,547 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,882. About 10.6% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
- Indiana State Road 37
- Indiana State Road 45
- Indiana State Road 46
- Indiana State Road 48
- Indiana State Road 446
Form many years Monroe County was one of the most populous counties in the USA which did not contain any US highways or Interstate highways. However, in December 2015 the I-69 extension was completed into the county and this distinction disappeared.
- Indiana Rail Road – freight only
- Monroe County Airport, located a few miles southwest of Bloomington. Scheduled passenger service to this airport was terminated ca. 1997, and since then the airport has been used by general aviation only.
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