Capella facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
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Capella-Sun comparison
Capella–Sun comparison
Auriga constellation map
Capella is the brightest star in Auriga

Capella (α Aurigae, α Aur, Alpha Aurigae) is the brightest star in the constellation Auriga, the eleventh brightest star in the night sky and the third brightest star in the northern celestial hemisphere, after Arcturus and Vega.

Although it appears to be a single star to the naked eye, it is actually a star system of four stars in two binary pairs. The first pair consists of two bright, large type-G giant stars, both with a radius about 10 times the Sun's, in close orbit around each other. These two stars are thought to be cooling and expanding on their way to becoming red giants.

The second pair, around 10,000 astronomical units from the first, consists of two faint, small and relatively cool red dwarfs. The Capella system is relatively close, at only 42.2 light-years (12.9 pc) from Earth.

The system is a member of the Hyades moving group, a group of stars moving in the same direction as the Hyades cluster.

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Capella Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.