kids encyclopedia robot

Capital of Korea facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
This article is about the Korean national capital in general. For the current capital, see Seoul or Pyongyang.

The Capital of Korea has been in many locations during the history of the Korean peninsula. Today there are two Koreas, each with its own capital city:

Since the end of World War II, there have been two countries or divided Korea: If reunification were to take place someday, alternate prospects for the capital city, along with Seoul and Pyŏngyang,are Sejong City in South Korea and Kaesong in North Korea.


During the Gojoseon period

The Go-Joseon period lasted from 2333 BC to 108 BC.

  • Unknown — first capital
  • Pyongyang — second capital (post 400 BC)
During the Three Kingdoms period

The Three Kingdoms period lasted from 57 BC to AD 676

  • Jolbon – first capital of Goguryeo
  • Gungnae-seong – second capital of Goguryeo
  • Pyongyang – third capital of Goguryeo
  • Wiryeseong – first capital of Baekje
  • Ungjin – second capital of Baekje
  • Sabi – third capital of Baekje
  • Gyeongju – capital of Silla
During the North-South States Period
  • Gyeongju – capital of Silla
  • Dongmo Mountain – first capital of Balhae
  • Junggyeong – second capital of Balhae
  • Sanggyeong – third capital of Balhae
During the Later Three Kingdoms period
  • Gyeongju – capital of Silla
  • Wansanju – capital of Hubaekje
  • Songak – first capital of Taebong
  • Cheorwon – second capital of Taebong
During the Goryeo Dynasty period

The Goryeo Dynasty lasted from 918 to 1392.

During the Joseon Dynasty period

The Joseon Dynasty lasted from 1392 to 1910.

During the Japanese colonial period

The Japanese colonial period lasted from 1910 to 1945.

Modern capitals

kids search engine
Capital of Korea Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.