Jeonju facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Jeonju
전주시
Specific city
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Revised Romanization Jeonju-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Chŏnju-si
Official logo of Jeonju
Emblem of Jeonju
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Honam
Area
 • Total 206.22 km2 (79.62 sq mi)
Population (2017)
 • Total 652,392
 • Density 3,163.6/km2 (8,194/sq mi)
 • Dialect Jeolla
ZIP codes 560011-561870
Area Code +82 63
Website Official website

Jeonju is the 16th largest city in South Korea and the capital of North Jeolla Province. It is both urban and rural due to the closeness of Wanju County which almost entirely surrounds Jeonju. (Wanju County has many residents who work in Jeonju.) The name Jeonju literally means "Perfect Region". It is an important tourist center famous for Korean food, historic buildings, sports activities, and innovative festivals.

In May 2012, Jeonju was chosen as a Creative Cities for Gastronomy as part of UNESCO's Creative Cities Network. This honour recognizes the city's traditional home cooking handed down over thousands of years, its active public and private food research, a system of nurturing talented chefs, and its hosting of distinctive food festivals.

History

On Guard- Jeonju - panoramio
On Guard- Jeonju

In the fertile Honam plain, famous for Jeonju Hanok Village and exceptional produce, Jeonju has been an important regional center in the province for centuries. The city was the capital of Hubaekje Kingdom, which was founded by Gyeon Hwon. It was regarded as the spiritual capital of the Joseon Dynasty because the Yi royal family originated there. The Chŏnju Kim in North Korea, who Kim Il-sung was descended from, have their ancestral seat (Bon-gwan) in Jeonju as well.

Culture

Jeonju Bibimpab
Jeonju Bibimpab
  • Jeonju bibimbap, a traditional local food, is well-known across South Korea. There are several very popular vegetarian restaurants serving Jeonju style food and pine wine.
  • The National Jeonju Museum exhibits ancient relics from the Baekje days.
  • There are extensive royal museums, temples, a castle fortress on a hillside, and a well-known paper museum, as well as an annual paper fashion show highlighting the latest styles and traditional Korean clothing made of paper.
  • The Jeonju Hanok Village (Hanok Maeul) is a traditional-style village in the heart of Jeonju, housing over 800 traditional "hanok" style buildings. It contains many traditional tea shops, souvenir shops, and restaurants.
  • The Jeonju International Sori Festival was among Songlines' 25 Best International Festivals in 2014.
  • The Jeonju International Film Festival draws about 50,000 visitors annually.
  • Jeonju is the hometown of the breakdancing crew Last for One, international Battle of the Year champions.

The local mountains and parks are popular for outdoor recreation due to its rural location. There are historical sites in the area. The city has a zoo, a park, and the Hanguk Sound and Culture Hall, a large, modern concert complex on the Chonbuk National University campus.

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