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South Jeolla Province facts for kids

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South Jeolla Province

Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • McCune‑Reischauer Chŏllanam-do
 • Revised Romanization Jeollanam-do
Official logo of South Jeolla Province
Location of South Jeolla Province
Country South Korea
Region Honam
Capital Muan County
Subdivisions 5 cities; 17 counties
 • Total 12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd
 (October, 2014)
 • Total 1,902,324
 • Rank 6th
 • Density 142/km2 (370/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
 • Flower Camellia japonica
 • Tree Ginkgo
 • Bird Oriental turtle dove
ISO 3166 code KR-46
Dialect Jeolla

South Jeolla Province, also known as Jeonnam, is a province of South Korea. South Jeolla has a population of 1,902,324 (2014) and has a geographic area of 12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi) located in the Honam region at the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula. South Jeolla borders the provinces of North Jeolla to the north, South Gyeongsang to the northeast, and Jeju to the southwest in the Korea Strait.

Muan County is the capital and Yeosu is the largest city of South Jeolla, with other major cities including Suncheon, Mokpo, and Gwangyang. Gwangju was the largest city of South Jeolla until becoming a Metropolitan City in 1986, and was the historic capital until the provincial government was relocated to the Muan County town of Namak in 2005.

South Jeolla was established in 1896 from the province of Jeolla, one of the Eight Provinces of Korea, consisting of the southern half of its mainland territory and most outlying islands.


The South Jeolla province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Jeolla province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea. Gwangju was the capital of the province, until the provincial office moved to the southern village of Namak, Muan County in 2005.


The province is part of the Honam region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north by Jeollabuk-do Province, on the south by Jeju Strait, and on the east by Gyeongsangnam-do.

There are almost 2,000 islands along the coastline, about three quarters of which are uninhabited. The coastline is about 6,100 kilometres (3,800 mi) long. Some of the marine products, in particular oyster and seaweed cultivation, are leading in South Korea.

The province is only partially mountainous. The plains along the rivers Seomjin, Yeongsan and Tamjin create a large granary. There is abundant rainfall in the area, which helps agriculture. The province is also home to the warmest weather on the peninsula. This helps to produce large amounts of agricultural produce, mainly rice, wheat, barley, pulses and potatoes. Vegetables, cotton and fruits are also grown in the province.

A small amount of gold and coal is mined in the province, but industries have also been developed in the area.


In coastal areas, the climate is mild and humid, with annual rainfall of 1,289 mm and average temperatures of 13–14 °C (55–57 °F). Summer is wet, windy and dry winter. The west side of the Sobaek mountains receives heavy snowfall.

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