Cerebrovascular disease facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Cerebrovascular disease, stroke or cerebrovascular accident, is a vascular disease of the cerebral circulation. Arteries supplying oxygen to the brain are affected resulting in one of a number of cerebrovascular diseases. Most commonly this is a stroke or mini-stroke and sometimes can be a hemorrhagic stroke. Any of these can result in vascular dementia.

Causes

Causes of cerebrovascular disease can be divided into: atherosclerosis, embolism, aneurysms, low flow states, and other rare causes. Major modifiable risk factors include:

Treatment

Treatment for cerebrovascular disease includes medication, lifestyle changes and surgery.

Examples of medications are:

  • Antiplatelets (Aspirin, Clopidogrel)
  • Blood thinners (Heparin, Warfarin )
  • Antihypertensives (ACE inhibitors, Beta blockers)
  • Anti-diabetic medications

Surgical procedures include:

  • Endovascular surgery and Vascular surgery (for future stroke prevention)

Notable cases


Cerebrovascular disease Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.