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Cerkno
Municipality
View of the town of Cerkno
View of the town of Cerkno
Map showing, in red, Cerkno
Map showing, in red, Cerkno
Country  Slovenia
Traditional regional Littoral
Statistical region Goriška
Area
 • Total 131.5 km2 (50.8 sq mi)
Elevation 355 m (1,165 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 4,799
 • Density 36.494/km2 (94.52/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 5282
ISO 3166-2 SI-014
Website Official website

Cerkno (Italian: Circhina, German: Kirchheim) is a small Slovenian town that is the administrative centre of the Municipality of Cerkno (Slovene: Občina Cerkno). It is an economic and cultural centre of the Cerkno Hills (Slovene: Cerkljansko) region.

The municipality of Cerkno was established on 10 March 1994. Its administrative centre is the town of Cerkno and is well known for its ski resort.

Geography

The municipality of Cerkno is in western Slovenia and is part of the Goriška statistical region. The town of Cerkno is at an altitude of 355 m (1,165 ft),

The municipality has an area 131.5 km2 (50.8 sq mi), and a population, in 2012, of 4,799: 2,455 men and 2,344 women. Its population density is of 36.5 inhabitants/km2.

The municipality of Cerkno is surrounded by the following municipalities: Železniki to the northeast, Gorenja vas-Poljanej to the east, Idrija to the south, Tolmin to the west and northwest.

The main river in the municipality is the Idrijca river. The Cerknica is a small river, tributary of the Idrijca, that flows through the town of Cerkno.

History

Historically, the Cerkno Hills region was part of the Tolmin County. In the 16th century, the area came under the rule of the House of Habsburg. After the end of World War I, the area was occupied by the Italian Army, and then officially annexed to Italy in 1920.

Cerkno Slovenia - Church of Saint Anne
Saint Anne's Church

Settlements

There are 30 settlements (Slovene: Naselja) in the municipality; the main is Cerkno, which is the administrative centre of the municipality.

The other 29 settlements are Bukovo, Cerkljanski Vrh, Čeplez, Dolenji Novaki, Gorenji Novaki, Gorje, Jagršče, Jazne, Jesenica, Labinje, Lazec, Laznica, Orehek, Otalež, Planina pri Cerknem, Plužnje, Poče, Podlanišče, Podpleče, Police, Poljane, Ravne pri Cerknem, Reka, Straža, Šebrelje, Travnik, Trebenče, Zakojca, Zakriž.

Tourism

Cerkno is well known for the Laufarija carnival, a festival during spring with carved wooden masks, and also by the Franja Partisan Hospital (Slovene: Partizanska bolnica Franja), a hospital from World War II, that is to northeast of the town of Cerkno and to the west of Dolenji Novaki.

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